|Full name||Владимир Валерьевич Сальников|
|Nickname(s)||"Monster in the Waves"|
21 May 1960 |
Leningrad, Soviet Union
|Height||1.81 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Weight||74 kg (163 lb)|
|Club||Zenit Leningrad/SKA Leningrad|
|Coach||Gleb Petrov (1968–1973)
Igor Koshkin (1973–1985)
Marina Salnikova (1985–1988)
Vladimir Valeryevich Salnikov (Russian: Владимир Валерьевич Сальников; born 21 May 1960) is a Russian former freestyle swimmer who competed for the Soviet Union and set 12 world records in the 400, 800 and 1,500 meter events. Nicknamed a "monster in the waves", he was the first person to swim under fifteen minutes in the 1500 m freestyle and also the first person to swim under eight minutes in the 800 m freestyle. He was named the Male World Swimmer of the Year in 1982 by Swimming World magazine.
Born in Leningrad, Soviet Union. Salnikov was the son of a sea captain. When he was seven years old, his mother took him to a swimming pool to join a swimming team. One year later he began to train regularly under the lead of coach. Salnikov trained at Zenit and later at the Armed Forces sports society.
Salnikov made his debut in the Olympic games in 1976 in Montreal, at the age of 16. He broke the European record in the 1,500 m, but finished fifth.
His long sequence of international victories began at the 1977 European Championship where he won the gold medal in his favorite distance, the 1,500 m. At the 1978 World Championship in Berlin, Salnikov won gold medals in the 400 and 1,500 m, setting a new world record in the 400 meters. One year later he set another world record, in the 800 m, becoming the first person to complete the distance in less than eight minutes.
The United States boycotted the 1980 Olympics in Moscow, but Salnikov demonstrated that he was far superior to everybody, winning the 1500 m race in 14:58.27 and becoming the first person to swim the distance under 15 minutes. He won two more gold medals, in the 4×200 m relay and in the 400 m. At the 1,500 m his target was not just to win the gold, but to break the world record and the 15-minute barrier. During the race, he managed to control his timing by peeking at the clock by the pool side. Salnikov also planned to break the 400 m world record, but failed, and had to settle on the Olympic record. He did not prepare for the 4×200 m relay, and was enlisted to this event by the team managers.
In the early 1980s Salinikov was the absolute ruler of the freestyle races on the longer distances: in 1982 he retained his world titles, and one year later, at the European Championship, he set a new world record in the 1,500 m with the time of 14:54.76: the record lasted until 1991, when it was beaten by the German Jörg Hoffmann (Salinikov's record had actually been beaten by Glen Housman at the 1990 Australian Swimming Championships, but due to a malfunction with the electronic timing, his new record time was disallowed).
The Soviet Union boycotted the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, so Salnikov could not defend his title. Salnikov went back to Seoul in 1988, aged 28, when he was considered too old. He had set a world record in 1986 in the 800 m, but since then never returned to his levels: he finished fourth in the 1,500 m at the 1986 world championships, and failed to reach the final at the 1987 European championships. His pre-Olympic results did not meet the standards set for the Soviet Olympic team, and he was included in the team only by intervention of Soviet officials. Salnikov did not fail, and won the 1,500 meters race, though he later admitted that in that race he went flat out and swam the last 20–30 meters in a blackout state. That night when entering in the Olympic Village restaurant he was awarded a standing ovation by the other athletes.
His titles also include four World Championship gold medals, four European Championship gold medals and one European Championship silver medal.
Igor Koshkin is credited with bringing Salnikov to the world-top level. Later in his career, Salnikov had a brief stay at Mission Viejo in the United States, where he worked with coaches Mark Shubert, Brian Goodell and Tim Shaw. In the mid-1980s, Salnikov parted with Koshkin, who thought that a 25-year-old swimmer had no further prospectives. Since 1984-5, he was coached by his wife Marina, a former Soviet track and field record holder in the 100 meters and a sports psychologist.
After the 1988 Olympics Salnikov retired from competitions and until 1990 worked as the head coach of the Soviet swimming team. In parallel, between 1989 and 1991 he acted as vice-president of the Soviet Swimming Federation. In 1991–2001 he worked at the company Olimp and represented Speedo in Russia. In 1984–1990 he was a member of the Soviet Olympic Committee and in 1991–2000 a member of the International Swimming Federation’s (FINA) Athletes’ Commission. In 2009 he was elected president of the Russian Swimming Federation.
Salnikov was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1980), Order of Lenin (1985), Order of the October Revolution (1988) and Order of Honour (2010). In 1993 he was inducted to the International Swimming Hall of Fame. He graduated from the Lesgaft Institute of Physical Education in Saint Petersburg and holds a PhD in pedagogy.
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- World record progression 400 metres freestyle
- World record progression 800 metres freestyle
- World record progression 1500 metres freestyle
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Сальников Владимир. ussr-swimming.ru
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 VLADIMIR SALNIKOV (URS). International Swimming Hall Of Fame
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Pavel Lysenkov (28 July 2008) Четырехкратный олимпийский чемпион Владимир Сальников: Все плакали, когда мишка улетал в небо. sovsport.ru (interview in Russian)
- ↑ Swimming at the 1988 Seoul Summer Games: Men's 1,500 metres Freestyle. sports-reference.com
- ↑ Vladimir Salnikov. sports-reference.com
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Сальников Владимир Валерьевич. Olympic Encyclopedia
- ↑ Владимир Сальников. peoples.ru
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to [[commons:Lua error in Module:WikidataIB at line 506: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|Lua error in Module:WikidataIB at line 506: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).]].|
|Preceded by||Men's 1500 metres freestyle
world record holder (long course)
22 July 1980 – 13 January 1991
|Preceded by||World Swimmer of the Year
|Preceded by||European Swimmer of the Year
- Use dmy dates from August 2014
- Pages using Infobox sportsperson with module2 parameter
- Pages using infobox swimmer with nationality parameter
- Articles containing Russian-language text
- Commons category link from Wikidata
- 1960 births
- Living people
- Former world record holders in swimming
- Male freestyle swimmers
- Olympic gold medalists for the Soviet Union
- Olympic medalists in swimming
- Olympic swimmers of Russia
- Olympic swimmers of the Soviet Union
- Sportspeople from Saint Petersburg
- Russian swimmers
- Soviet swimmers
- Swimmers at the 1976 Summer Olympics
- Swimmers at the 1980 Summer Olympics
- Swimmers at the 1988 Summer Olympics
- World Aquatics Championships medalists in swimming
- European Aquatics Championships medalists in swimming
- International Swimming Hall of Fame inductees