Voghera

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Voghera
Comune
Città di Voghera
The Cathedral of Voghera.
The Cathedral of Voghera.
Voghera within the Province of Pavia
Voghera within the Province of Pavia
Voghera is located in Italy
Voghera
Voghera
Location of Voghera in Italy
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Country Italy
Region Lombardy
Province / Metropolitan city Pavia (PV)
Frazioni Medassino, Oriolo, Valle, Torremenapace, Campoferro
Government
 • Mayor Carlo Barbieri (PdL)
Area
 • Total 63 km2 (24 sq mi)
Elevation 96 m (315 ft)
Population (1 January 2015)
 • Total 39,400
 • Density 630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Vogheresi or Iriensi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 27058
Dialing code 0383
Patron saint San Bovo
Saint day First Friday before Ascension
Website Official website
File:Voghera Castle.jpg
The Castle of Voghera in a 19th-century etching.

Voghera (Vogherese dialect of Emilian: Vughera; Latin: Forum Iulii Iriensium) is a town and comune of 39400 people located in Lombardy, Italy, in the province of Pavia. It is the third town in the province by population, after Pavia and Vigevano. It is located 30 km south-southwest of that city, on the Staffora (a tributary of the Po).

It is the main town of Oltrepò Pavese, and is an important rail and road hub as well as a renowned wine and manufacturing center.

History

Known in ancient times as Iria, it took its name from the river on which it was situated. It was on the road from Piacenza to Dertona, and was made a colony by Augustus (colonia Forum Iulium Iriensium).

In the 1st century CE it was destroyed by the Rugii, and it is next mentioned as Viqueria (contracted from vicus Iriae, Iria's village) in the 10th century. After several lordships, it was acquired by the House of Savoy in 1743 with the Concordat of Worms. Five years later it became provincial capital and received the city status.

In 1800 it was occupied by the troops of Napoleon, who set his headquarters in the Palazzo Dattili for the battle of Montebello. In 1805 it became part of the département of Genoa; after the French defeat in 1814, it was captured by the Austrians, who handed it over to the Piedmontese. In 1860 it was included in the province of Pavia.

During World War II, owing to its strategic position on the roads Milan-Genoa and Turin-Bologna, it was heavily bombed by the Allies.

On May 31, 1962, it was the location of a railway disaster that killed 62 people.

Main sights

  • The Castle, erected by the Visconti in 1335-1372.The castle of Voghera is quoted, in her historical reconstruction, by Carla Glori, (in her book "Enigma Leonardo: decifrazioni e scoperte",Cappello publisher 2011), because in 1489 it was given as a dowry to Bianca Giovanna Sforza, (that she identifies as La Gioconda by Leonardo, portrayed in the Malaspina-Dal Verme castle, rising in the neighbouring Bobbio), in consequence of the poisoning of Pietro del Verme by order of Ludovico il Moro (1485).
  • Palazzo Gounela, the current Town Hall.
  • The large Cathedral of Saint Lawrence dates from the 11th century, but was remodelled in the Baroque style about the beginning of the 17th.
  • The church of St. Joseph, with a noteworthy Baroque façade.
  • The suppressed church of Sant'Ilario, also known as Tempio alla Cavalleria or Chiesa Rossa ("Cavalry Temple" or "Red Church"), so called from the red colour of the brick of which it is built. It dates from the 8th-10th centuries.

The Historic Museum houses, among the others, the personal A112 car of General Carlo Alberto Dalla Chiesa, killed by the Mafia in 1982, and the weapon that allegedly killed Benito Mussolini.

Transport

Voghera railway station, opened in 1858, forms part of the Alessandria–Piacenza railway, and is also an important node of the railway from Milan to Genoa. Due to its strategic position, the station is an important trading node, and one of the major railway stations in Italy's north-west.

Notable people

Twin cities

Notes

See also

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2F1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica%2FVoghera "Voghera" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 171.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links