Walter Monckton, 1st Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
|The Right Honourable
The Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
GCVO KCMG MC PC
|File:Walter Monckton in 1957.jpg|
|Minister of Defence|
20 December 1955 – 18 October 1956
|Prime Minister||Anthony Eden|
|Preceded by||Selwyn Lloyd|
|Succeeded by||Anthony Head|
|Born||Walter Turner Monckton|
Monckton was born in the small village of Plaxtol in northern Kent. He was the eldest child of paper manufacturer Frank William Monckton (1861–1924), and his wife, Dora Constance (d. 1915). He was head boy of his preparatory school, The Knoll, at Woburn Sands in Buckinghamshire, and attended Harrow School from 1904 to 1910. He chose to enter Balliol College, Oxford as a commoner (despite winning in 1910 an Exhibition to Hertford College, Oxford) and obtained a third in classical moderations (1912) and a second in history (1914). He was elected president of the Oxford Union in 1913. He played cricket for Harrow against Eton in the famous Fowler's match in 1910. Whilst at Oxford, he played a first-class match for the combined Oxford and Cambridge Universities cricket team in 1911.
He worked in propaganda and information during World War II and became Solicitor General in Winston Churchill's 1945 caretaker government, although he refused to join the Conservative Party. He finally joined after the war and became a Member of Parliament for Bristol West at a 1951 by-election. Churchill soon appointed him to the cabinet as Minister of Labour and National Service, in which post he served from 1951 to 1955. He was Anthony Eden's Minister of Defence 1955–56, but was the only cabinet minister to oppose his Suez policy, and was moved to Paymaster-General 1956–57.
Monckton was made Viscount Monckton of Brenchley in 1957. He had wanted to become Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales and indeed had been promised the job by Churchill and the subsequent two prime ministers, but in 1957 he decided instead to join the board of Midland Bank.
In 1960 he headed the Monckton Commission that concluded that the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland could not be maintained except by force or through massive changes in racial legislation. It advocated a majority of African members in the Nyasaland and Northern Rhodesian legislatures and giving these territories the option to leave the Federation after five years.
He married Polly Colyer-Fergusson, daughter of Sir Thomas Colyer-Fergusson,the family who owned Ightham Mote, Sevenoaks. In 1947, he married, secondly, to Bridget, the former Countess of Carlisle (CBE), the wartime head of the ATS counterpart in India, the Women's Army Corps (India), and also of the Women's Royal Indian Naval Service (WRINS). The Viscountess was already a peer in her right, as the 11th Lady Ruthven of Freeland. Her title passed to her son by her previous marriage, the Earl of Carlisle, and not to her stepson, Viscount Monckton.
Lord Monckton of Brenchley was chairman of Midland Bank (1957–64), President of the Marylebone Cricket Club (1956–1957), President of Surrey County Cricket Club (1950–52 and 1959–65), Chairman of the Iraq Petroleum Company (1958), Chairman of the Advisory Commission on Central Africa (1960), and Chancellor of the University of Sussex (1961–65).
He was succeeded by his son Gilbert on his death in 1965 at the age of 73.
- Pugh, Martin. "Monckton, Walter Turner". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/35061.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> (Subscription or UK public library membership required.); cited as ODNB.
- The life of Viscount Monckton of Brenchley, Frederick Winston Furneaux-Smith, (1969)
- Walter Monckton, H. Montgomery Hyde, (1991), ISBN 1-85619-045-5
- Cricinfo profile
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
- Monckton at the National Portrait Gallery
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Bristol West
David Maxwell Fyfe
|Solicitor General for England and Wales
May 1945–July 1945
|Minister of Labour and National Service
|Minister of Defence
Title last held byThe Earl of Selkirk
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Viscount Monckton of Brenchley