Wang Zhi (pirate)
Wang Zhi (Chinese: 汪直 or 王直) was a Chinese pirate and trader of the 16th century, one of the chief named and known figures among the wokou ("Japanese" pirates) prevalent during the reign of the Jiajing Emperor. Wang Zhi arrived in Japan in the 1540s and made his base in the Goto Islands. Although he was the leader of a great smuggling syndicate that launched many raids against China, he himself claimed to have never participated in a raid in person. He was the captain of the Chinese junk that carried a number of Portuguese traders that shipwrecked on Tanegashima, off the coast of Japan in 1543, marking the first contact between Europe and Japan.  Under the name of Wufeng (五峰), Wang Zhi acted as an interpreter when the Portuguese landed. 
- Note: The History of Ming records his name as 汪直, whilst the Annals of Zhejiang lists his name as 王直.
- Arano, Yasunori. "The Formation of a Japanocentric World Order." International Journal of Asian Studies 2:2 (2005). p189.
- Marius B. Jansen. "China in the Tokugawa World," p. 7.