Wazir Agha

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Wazir Agha
وزیر آغا
Born (1922-05-18)18 May 1922
Wazir Kot Sargodha district, British India
Died 7 September 2010(2010-09-07) (aged 88)
Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Occupation Urdu poet, writer, essayist, critic
Nationality Pakistani

Wazir Agha (Urdu: وزیر آغا ‎) was a Pakistani Urdu language writer, poet, critic and essayist.[1] He has written many poetry and prose books.[2] He was also editor and publisher of the literary magazine "Auraq" for many decades. He introduced many theories in Urdu literature. His most famous work is on Urdu humour. His books focus on modern Urdu poets, notably those who have written more poems instead of ghazals. Agha's poems have mostly an element of story.[3][4]

Agha has received Sitara-e-Imtiaz for his best contributions to Urdu literature. He was also nominated for the Nobel Prize.[2]

Personal life


Agha was born on 18 May 1922 in the village Wazir Kot in the Sargodha district.[4] His father was a businessman who dealt in horses from the Persian-speaking Qizilbash family. Wazir's father obtained 750 acres (3.0 km2) of land from the British government in the Sargodha district.[3][4]

Agha learned Persian from his father, Punjabi from his mother and English from his British friends.[citation needed] During his school years, he developed a strong fondness for Urdu ghazals and started composing poetry on his own. He graduated from Government College, Jhang and later received his master's degree in economics from Government College, Lahore. He gained his PhD from the University of Punjab in 1956 for his research on humor and satire in Urdu Literature.[3][4][5]

Agha died on 7 September 2010 in Lahore. He was laid to rest in his native village near Sargodha.[4]

Literary career

Agha was the editor of the college magazine Chanab in Government College, Jhang. In 1944, he came across Salahuddin Ahmad who was the editor of famous monthly Adabi Duniya. He was asked to contribute by writing essays on topics uncommon in Urdu Literature of that time, such as economics, philosophy, psychology. In 1953, his work on "In search of happiness" was compiled as a book that opened a formal paradigm of research in Urdu literature.[3]

From 1960 to 1963, he acted as a co-editor of Adbi Duniya and from 1965 onwards, he remained editor of monthly Auraq for many decades.[4] He established himself as a critic.

The Pakistan Academy of Letters (PAL) has published a book on Agha's life and work as part of its publishing project, "Makers of Pakistani Literature".[6] He was also Life Fellow of PAL since 1995.[5] He also wrote an autobiography Shaam Ki Mundair Sey.[5][7]




  • Adab Mein Tanz-o-Mazah (1958)[4]
  • Takhleequi Amal (1970)[4]
  • Urdu Shairi Ka Mizaaj (1965)[4]
  • Tasawuraat-e- Ishq-o- Khird – Iqbal Ki Nazar Mein (1977)[4]
  • Majeed Amjad Ki Dastaan-e-Muhabbat (1991)[4]
  • Ghalib Ka Zauq-e-Tamasha (1997)[4]


  • Nazam-e-Jadeed Ki Karwatein (1963)[4]
  • Tanqeed Aur Ehtesaab (1968)[4]
  • Naye Maqaalaat (1972)[4]
  • Naye Tanaazur (1979)[4]
  • Maani Aur Tanaazur (1998)[4]
  • Tanqeed Aur Majlisi Tanqeed (1975)[4]
  • Daairey Aur Lakirein (1986)[4]
  • Tanqeed Aur Jadeed Urdu Tanqeed (1989)[4]
  • Inshaiye Kei Khad-o-Khaal (1990)[4]
  • Saakhtiat Aur Science (1991)[4]
  • Dastak Us Darwaazey Par (1994)[4]
  • Imtizaji Tanqeed Ka Scienci Aur Fikri Tanaazur (2006)[4]

See also


  1. "Wazir Agha's death mourned". Daily Dawn. 9 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Renowned poet Wazir Agha laid to rest in Sargodha". The News International.com.PK. 9 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 "Dr Wazir Agha a source of inspiration for writers". The Nation.com.PK. 9 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  4. 4.00 4.01 4.02 4.03 4.04 4.05 4.06 4.07 4.08 4.09 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 "Life and times of Dr Wazir Agha – Urdu's most noted critic". Daily Times.com.pk. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "وزیر آغا عہد ساز شخصیت". Docs.Google.com. p. 14. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  6. "Dr.Wazir Agha". PakObserver.net. Retrieved 2012-02-24. [dead link]
  7. "اب تو آرام کریں سوچتی آنکھیں میری". BBC.co.uk. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 

External links