Lodainn an Iar
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|• Body||West Lothian Council|
|• Control||TBA (council NOC)|
|• Total||165 sq mi (427 km2)|
|Area rank||Ranked 20th|
|Population (2010 est.)|
|• Rank||Ranked 9th|
|• Density||1,040/sq mi (402/km2)|
|ISO 3166 code||GB-WLN|
|County (until circa 1890)|
|• Total||310.8 km2 (120.0 sq mi)|
West Lothian (Template:Lang-sco, Scottish Gaelic: Lodainn an Iar) is one of the 32 council areas of Scotland, and a historic county (which was also known as Linlithgowshire). It borders the City of Edinburgh, Falkirk, North Lanarkshire, the Scottish Borders and South Lanarkshire.
- 1 Towns
- 2 Villages
- 3 Coat of Arms
- 4 Former status
- 5 Places of interest
- 6 Mentions in popular culture
- 7 Town twinnings
- 8 Council political composition
- 9 Youth participation
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Coat of Arms
The coat of arms is blazoned:
Party per fess argent and azure, a fess counterchanged between in chief a shale bing of five peaks gules and in base an oak tree fructed on a mount Or; the whole surrounded by a bordure argent charged with, in middle chief, a pellet charged with a Maltese cross argent, in dexter chief, a badger’s head contourny erased proper, in sinister chief, a boar’s head erased, in dexter fess, a tower, in sinister fess, a clarion, and in middle base, a lozenge, all sable. The shield is supported on the dexter by a lizard vert and on the sinister by a bitch sable, both armed and langued gules, the latter gorged of a collar wherefrom is issuant a chain reflexing over her back and binding her to base Or; for crest is the coronet of an area council, and for motto: 'Aye for the Common Weal'.
The lizard represents the westlothiana, an extinct genus of reptile discovered in Bathgate, while the bitch is taken from the arms of Linlithgow, West Lothian's county town. The red hills are bings, large spoil tips left over from the shale industry.
The motto is in Scots; in standard English it would be 'Always for the Common Good'.
The county of West Lothian was called Linlithgowshire or the County of Linlithgow until 1921.
|Burgh||Unitary council area|
|South Queensferry||City of Edinburgh|
On abolition in 1975 the county, with the exception of the Bo'ness area, was included in the Lothian Region. Bo'ness became part of the Central Region. Lothian Region was divided into four districts, one of which was named West Lothian and approximated to the former county.
West Lothian District was created in 1975, comprising the county of West Lothian; less the burghs of Bo'ness and South Queensferry and the Kirkliston area; it also included the East Calder and West Calder districts of the former county of Midlothian. The council's headquarters were originally in Bathgate, later moving to the new town of Livingston. The unitary authority created in 1996 used the same boundaries.
Areas of West Lothian
Livingston: East Calder, West Calder, Mid Calder, Wilkieston, Pumpherston, Knightsridge, Carmondean, Deans, Eliburn, Ladywell, Craigshill, Howden, Dedridge, Murieston, Adambrae, Livingston Village, DeerPark
Places of interest
- Beecraigs Country Park
- Blackness Castle
- Cairnpapple Hill
- Linlithgow Palace, birthplace of Mary, Queen of Scots
- Polkemmet Country Park
- Torphichen Preceptory
See also the pages of the West Lothian Archaeological Trust
Mentions in popular culture
The West Lothian question is often said to have been raised by Tam Dalyell, then member of Parliament for the former West Lothian constituency, in his 1977 book Devolution: The End of Britain? However, in the debate on the Referendum (English Parliament) Bill (HC Deb 16 January 1998 vol 304 cc589-660) Dalyell refers to the "so-called West Lothian question, as it was dubbed by Enoch Powell, not by me, in 1977", denying this.
Famous people from West Lothian include:
- Author and actor Ian Colquhoun, from Livingston
- Leon Jackson, the winner of The X Factor UK 2007, from Whitburn
- David Tennant, from Bathgate, best known for portraying the tenth incarnation of the Doctor in the television series Doctor Who
- Susan Boyle, from Blackburn, a singer who achieved fame on the TV series Britain's Got Talent.
- Dario Franchitti, from Whitburn, 4 time Indy Car series champion, and 3 time winner of the Indianapolis 500.
- Paul di Resta, from Uphall, is a DTM race driver for Mercedes-Benz, and the cousin of Dario Franchitti.
- Alex Salmond, From Linlithgow. Former First Minister of Scotland and SNP leader.
- Calder Essig, Notable oversized West Highland White Terrier. Calm and serene, he achieved success in politics and was nearly elected a Member of the Scottish Parliament.
Council political composition
|Scottish National Party||15|
West Lothian Youth Congress
West Lothian has a formal structure for engaging with young people and including them in the decision making process. The West Lothian Youth congress is a constituted group of young people between the ages of 12 and 26. It includes 2 democratically elected representatives from each of West Lothian’s High schools as well as young people representing youth/ specific interest groups, community councils or local areas from across West Lothian. The Youth Congress meets on a Tuesday evening every 4 to 6 weeks in the Council chambers of the West Lothian civic centre between 7PM and 9PM. The Congress is a full community planning partner and played an integral role in developing West Lothian’s 2010 community plan. The Congress also elects West Lothian’s 4 Members of the Scottish Youth Parliament who are elected to represent West Lothian’s young people at a national level.
Scottish Youth Parliament
The Scottish Youth Parliament (SYP) is a body set up to represent Scotland’s young people. Its members are aged between 14 and 26 and are elected from Scottish parliamentary constituencies with each Member of the Scottish Parliament being shadowed by 2 Members of the Scottish Youth parliament. There are also representatives from several voluntary organisations. West Lothian has four Scottish youth parliament seats as it comprises two Scottish parliamentary constituencies. West Lothian’s current MSYP’s are:
|Dean Williamson - Linlithgow constituency|
|Sarah Devlin - Almond Valley constituency|
|Ryan Twaddle - Linlithgow constituency|
|Sarah Thomson - Almond Valley constituency|
- "Referendum (English Parliament) Bill (Hansard, 16 January 1998)". Hansard.millbanksystems.com. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
- "Singing Talent of Susan Boyle Stuns Simon Cowell, Times of London Archived May 30, 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Leigh Holmwood (14 April 2009). "Britain’s got talent hits high note,’". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2010-09-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to West Lothian.|