Who put Bella in the Wych Elm?

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Graffiti on the Wychbury Obelisk

Who put Bella in the Wych Elm? (also Who put Bella in the Witch Elm?) is a graffito that started appearing soon after a 1941 unsolved murder. The victim's body was found inside a wych elm tree at Hagley Woods near Wychbury Hill, Stourbridge UK.


On 18 April 1943, four boys (Robert Hart, Thomas Willetts, Bob Farmer and Fred Payne) from Stourbridge were poaching in Hagley Woods near to Wychbury Hill when they came across a large wych elm tree.[1][Notes 1] Hagley Wood is part of the Hagley Hall estate belonging to Lord Cobham.[2][3]

Believing it a good place to hunt birds' nests, Farmer attempted to climb the tree to investigate. As he climbed, he glanced down into the hollow trunk and discovered a skull, believing it to be that of an animal. However, after seeing human hair and teeth, he realized that he had found a human skull. As they were on the land illegally, Farmer put the skull back and all four boys returned home without mentioning their discovery to anybody.[4]

The skull of Wych Elm Bella, as retrieved 18 April, 1943

On returning home, the youngest of the boys, Tommy Willetts, felt uneasy about what he had witnessed and decided to report the find to his parents. When police checked the trunk of the tree they found an almost complete human skeleton, a shoe, a gold wedding ring, and some fragments of clothing. After further investigation, a severed hand was found buried in the ground near the tree.[4]

The body was sent for forensic examination by Prof. James Webster. He quickly established that the skeleton was that of a female who had been dead for at least 18 months, placing time of death in or before October 1941; Webster also discovered a section of taffeta in her mouth, suggesting that she had died from asphyxiation. From the measurement of the trunk in which the body had been discovered, he also deduced that she must have been placed there "still warm" after the killing, as she could not have fit once rigor mortis had taken hold.[4]

Since the woman's murder was during the midst of World War II, identification was seriously hampered. Police could tell from items found with the body what the woman had looked like, but with so many people reported missing during the war, records were too vast for a proper identification to take place.[citation needed] The current location of her skeleton is unknown, as is the autopsy report.[4]

The Lyttelton Arms, Hagley

In a Radio 4 programme first broadcast in August 2014 Steve Punt suggested two possible victims.[4]

The first possibility came from a statement made to police in 1953 by Una Mossop, a cousin of Jack Mossop, in which she said that Jack confessed to family members that he and a Dutchman called van Ralt had put the woman in the tree. Mossop and van Ralt met for a drink at the Lyttelton Arms (a pub in Hagley). With van Ralt was a Dutchwoman. Later that night, Mossop said the woman became drunk, and passed out while they were driving. The men put her in a hollow tree in the woods in the hope that in the morning she would wake up and be frightened into seeing the error of her ways.[5]

Jack Mossop was confined in a Stafford mental hospital, because he had reoccurring dreams of a woman staring out at him from a tree. He died in the hospital before the body in the Wych Elm was found.[5] The likelihood of this being the correct explanation is questioned because Una Mossop did not come forward with this information until more than ten years after Jack Mossop's death.[6]

A second possible victim was reported to the police in 1944 by a Birmingham prostitute. In the report she stated that another prostitute called Bella, who worked on the Hagley road, had disappeared about three years previously.[7]


In 1944 the first graffito message related to the mystery appeared on a wall in Upper Dean Street, Birmingham, reading Who put Bella down the Wych Elm - Hagley Wood.[8]

The graffito was last sprayed onto the side of a 200-year-old obelisk on 18 August 1999, in white paint. The obelisk known as Wychbury Obelisk is on Wychbury Hill, Hagley near Stourbridge.

Cultural references

  • Composer Simon Holt wrote a 2002 musical theatre piece about the mystery, entitled "Who Put Bella in the Wych Elm?".
  • Stourbridge Theatre Company put on a play entitled Bella in the Wych-Elm, written by Stourbridge playwright and historian David Morris, in 2007.
  • Songwriter Owen Tromans included a song called "Bella in the Witch Elm" on his 2013 EP For Haden.[9]
  • The song "Nail House Music" by American post-punk band Self Defense Family references the mystery, with the lyrics repeatedly asking "who put you in the witch elm?"


  1. The Independent named the species as "wych–hazel", an old synonym for the same kind of elm.


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  5. 5.0 5.1 Punt 2014, 24 minutes.
  6. Punt 2014, 26 minutes.
  7. Punt 2014, 27 minutes.
  8. Joyce M. Coley, Bella: An Unsolved Murder (Studley, Warwickshire: History into Print, 2007), p.9.
  9. Owen Tromans - For Haden (CD) at Discogs

External links