William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount Charlemont

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William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount Charlemont PC (Ire) (1624 – April 1671)[1] was an Irish politician and peer.

Background

Born in Donamon Castle in County Roscommon, he was third son of William Caulfeild, 2nd Baron Caulfeild and his wife Mary King, daughter of Sir John King.[2] His two older brothers Toby Caulfeild, 3rd Baron Caulfeild and Robert Caulfeild, 4th Baron Caulfeild died both without male issue and he succeeded to the barony on the latter's death in 1644.[3]

Career

Having been first a leading Parliamentarian under Oliver Cromwell, he captured Sir Phelim O'Neil in 1653 and executed him for rebellion and the murder of his brother Toby and his family.[4] In 1660, Caulfeild switched his allegiance and supported afterwards King Charles II of England, captaining a troop of horse.[5] After the English Restoration, he took his seat in the Irish House of Lords and was sworn of the Privy Council of Ireland.[4]

In 1661, Caulfeild was appointed Custos Rotulorum of County Armagh and Custos Rotulorum of Tyrone, holding both offices until his death in 1671.[5] He was rewarded the governorship of Fort Charlemont for life in July of the same year, however sold this office to The Crown three years later.[4] On 8 October 1665, he was created Viscount Charlemont, in the County of Armagh.[6]

Family

In 1653, he married Hon. Sarah Moore, second daughter of Charles Moore, 2nd Viscount Moore and had by her four sons and three daughters.[7] She was the sister-of-law to Caulfeild's younger brother Thomas.[5] Caulfeild died in April 1671 and was buried at St Patrick's Cathedral, Armagh on 25 May.[5] His wife survived him until 1712.[5] He was succeeded in his titles by his second and oldest surviving son William.[3] His daughter Mary was the second wife of William Blayney, 6th Baron Blayney and his daughter Alice [8] married firstly John, son of James Margetson and secondly George Carpenter, 1st Baron Carpenter.[5] Caulfeild's youngest son John sat in the Parliament of Ireland.[5]

References

  1. "Leigh Rayment - Peerage". Retrieved 20 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "ThePeerage - William Caulfeild, 1st Viscount Charlemont". Retrieved 27 February 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 673.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2  Thomas Finlayson Henderson (1887). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2FCaulfeild%2C_William_%28d.1671%29_%28DNB00%29 "Caulfeild, William (d.1671)" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 9. London: Smith, Elder & Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Lodge, John (1789). Mervyn Archdall (ed.). The Peerage of Ireland or A Genealogical History of the Present Nobility of that Kingdom. vol. I. Dublin: James Moore. pp. 142–146.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Beatson, Robert (1788). A Political Index to The Histories of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. II. London: Lonman, Hurst, Rees and Orme. p. 111.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 229.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Portrait of Alice Caulfeild by Joseph Highmore (1692-1780)". Christies.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Honorary titles
Preceded by
?
Custos Rotulorum of Armagh
1661–1671
Succeeded by
?
Preceded by
?
Custos Rotulorum of Tyrone
1661–1671
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Viscount Charlemont
1665–1671
Succeeded by
William Caulfield
Preceded by
Robert Caulfield
Baron Caulfeild
1644–1671