William Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Allerton
William Lawies Jackson.JPG
Jackson by Leslie Ward, 1899.
Chief Secretary for Ireland
In office
9 November 1891 – 11 August 1892
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded by Arthur Balfour
Succeeded by John Morley
Personal details
Born 16 February 1840 (1840-02-16)
Otley, Yorkshire
Died 4 April 1917 (1917-04-05) (aged 77)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Grace Tempest (d. 1901)
Alma mater None

William Lawies Jackson, 1st Baron Allerton PC (16 February 1840 – 4 April 1917) was a British businessman and Conservative politician.

Background and education

Born in Otley, near Leeds, England, Jackson was the son of William Jackson, a leather merchant and tanner. He was educated at the Moravian School.[1]

Business career

Jackson took over his father's business. His Times obituary reads, "Early in his commercial career he devoted his energies to tanning, and was prominent in the leather industry." He was also Chairman of the Great Northern Railway.

Political career

Jackson was elected to Leeds Borough Council in 1859. He entered national politics when he unsuccessfully contested Leeds in an 1876 by-election. He was successfully for the same constituency in 1880. He switched to the Northern Division of Leeds in 1885, and he would represent that constituency until he was raised to the peerage in 1902. Jackson served two separate periods as Financial Secretary to the Treasury (1885–1886 and 1886–1891), being created a Privy Counsellor on 30 June 1890. He was then appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1891, serving in that position for one year, although he did not sit in the Cabinet.[2] He was Lord Mayor of Leeds in 1895. In 1902 he was created Baron Allerton, of Chapel Allerton, in the County of York. Lord Allerton chaired several institutions before his death on 4 April 1917.


Jackson married Grace, daughter of George Tempest, of Otley, on 10 October 1860. His elder son George succeeded him as Baron Allerton. His younger son Francis Stanley was an international cricketer and had a military and political career. Jackson and his wife Grace were both buried at St Matthew's Church, Chapel Allerton.


  1. thepeerage.com
  2. Chris Cook and Brendan Keith, British Historical Facts 1830-1900, Macmillan, 1975, page 40

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Tennant
John Barran
William Wheelhouse
Member of Parliament for Leeds
With: John Barran, 1876–1885
William Ewart Gladstone, April–May 1880
Herbert Gladstone, 1880–1885
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Leeds North
Succeeded by
Sir Rowland Barran
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir Matthew White Ridley, Bt
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
Succeeded by
Henry Fowler
Preceded by
Henry Fowler
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1886 – 1891
Succeeded by
John Eldon Gorst
Preceded by
Arthur Balfour
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1891 – 1892
Succeeded by
John Morley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Allerton
1902 – 1917
Succeeded by
George Jackson