Willie Park, Jr.
|Willie Park, Jr.|
|— Golfer —|
|Full name||William Park, Jr.|
4 February 1864|
|Died||22 May 1925
|Best results in major championships
|U.S. Open||CUT: 1919|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1887, 1889|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||2013 (member page)|
Willie Park, Jr. (4 February 1864 – 22 May 1925) was one of the top professional golfers of his era, winning The Open Championship twice. Park was also a successful golf equipment maker and golf writer. In his later years, Park built a significant career as one of the world's best golf course architects, with a world-wide business. He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 2013.
Park was born in Musselburgh, Scotland (near Edinburgh). His father, Willie Park, Sr., was one of Scotland's top golfers, who won the first Open Championship in 1860 and Park, Jr. learned golf from childhood. His father ran a successful golf equipment business, producing clubs and balls to order. Park, Sr. also played challenge matches for stakes, and competed in professional tournaments.
The Musselburgh Links course in the family's home town was one of the main centres of golf at the time, and was on the rota for The Open Championship from 1873 to 1891. In 1892 it was removed from the rota in favor of Muirfield, a new course which became the home of the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. Willie Park, Sr. won the first Open Championship in 1860, and won it again three more times. Mungo Park, younger brother of Park, Sr., also won the Open in 1874. The Park family had a deep and fierce golf rivalry, both in competition and in business, with the Morris family (led by Old Tom Morris and Young Tom Morris) of St. Andrews during most of the 19th century.
Park caddied and played golf professionally, in stakes matches and tournaments, from his mid-teens. He developed his golf skills and played in his first Open Championship in 1880, at age 16, at which time he was already one of Scotland's best players. He worked in the family golf equipment business. Park won the Open in 1887 and 1889. In the latter year he was taken to a playoff by Andrew Kirkaldy. During his competitive career, Park placed in the top ten 12 times at the Open, and was out of the top eight only twice between 1881 and 1892. He was notable for his excellent short game, which compensated for a sometimes unreliable long game. He is famous for the saying: "A man who can putt is a match for anyone."
At the time, it was very difficult, if not impossible, for a golfer to make a living from prize money alone. Park often played challenge matches. He took over the family ball and club making business, establishing an export business just when golf was beginning to spread internationally. He patented several golf club designs.
Park's The Game of Golf (1896) was the first book about golf written by a professional golfer. It was well received, and has proven continuously popular since, being available in a modern, unabridged edition from Arcturus Publishers (2010). Park's second book, The Art of Putting, was published in 1920.
Golf course architect
He also worked as a golf course designer, with 170 designs to his credit in the British Isles, Europe, the US and Canada. Park entered this profession, while winding down his competitive play, in his mid-30s, just as golf was beginning an enormous increase in popularity in North America. New golfers needed new courses to play, and Park took advantage of the opportunities. His services were much in demand, and he became one of the first people, along with fellow Scot Donald Ross, to become a full-time golf course architect.
Park's first well-known design was the Old Course of the Sunningdale Golf Club near London, just at the turn of the 20th century. This club's brilliant success on heathland property, which earlier had been thought unsuitable for golf, brought him world-wide fame. Sunningdale Old has frequently been ranked among the world's top courses.
Other highly regarded Park courses include Weston Golf and Country Club in Toronto (host of the 1955 Canadian Open, Arnold Palmer's first professional victory), the Ottawa Hunt and Golf Club in Ottawa, Ontario (host of the 2008 Canadian Women's Open), the Calgary Golf and Country Club in Calgary, Le Club Laval-sur-le-Lac in Laval, Quebec, the Maidstone Golf Club on Long Island, the New Haven Country Club in Hamden, Connecticut, Shuttle Meadow Country Club in Kensington, Connecticut, the North Course of the Olympia Fields Country Club near Chicago (host of the 2003 U.S. Open), and Berkshire Country Club in Reading, Pennsylvania. Weston G&CC hosts an annual elite amateur men's Willie Park Jr. Memorial tournament, held over 36 holes in one day in late summer. It was started in 1925 to memorialize Park's passing.
Overwork on his design business led to a decline in health and his eventual death, at age 61 in 1925. His health had been in decline for some time; Park knew he was dying, and traveled home from the United States to Scotland, in order to die in his home country. He died in Edinburgh, although his "usual residence" was given as Musselburgh.
|Year||Championship||18 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner-up|
|1887||The Open Championship||5 shot deficit||82-79=161||1 stroke||Bob Martin|
|1889||The Open Championship (2)||1 shot deficit||39-38-39–39=155||Playoff 1||Andrew Kirkaldy|
1 Park defeated Kirkaldy by five strokes in a 36-hole playoff.
|The Open Championship||16||T5||T18||8||T4||T4||T4||1||T11||1|
|The Open Championship||T4||6||7||T19||12||DNP||T14||T22||2||14|
|The Open Championship||6||T18||T23||T15||T12||T13||DNP||CUT||DNP||DNP|
|The Open Championship||T38||CUT||DNP||DNP||DNP||NT||NT||NT||NT||NT|
NT = No tournament
DNP = Did not play
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10
- "Births in the District of Inveresk and Musselburgh in the County of Edinburgh". Statutory Births 689/00 0051. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 15 February 2015. (Subscription required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Deaths in the District of Morningside in the City of Edinburgh". Statutory Deaths 689/00 0124. ScotlandsPeople. Retrieved 15 February 2015. (Subscription required (help)).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "1887 Willie Park Jr". The Open. Retrieved 16 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Willie Park Jr. selected for World Golf Hall of Fame". PGA Tour. 15 November 2012. Retrieved 16 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Duncan, George (1951). Golf At The Gallop. p. 7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Whitten, Ronald; Cornish, Geoffrey (1981). The Golf Course. Rutledge Press. ISBN 978-0004900308.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- BBC – A Sporting Nation – Jessie Valentine: Queen of Golf 1958