Windows 2.0

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Windows 2.0
A version of the Microsoft Windows operating system
Windows logo and wordmark - 1985.svg
300px
Screenshot of Windows 2.0
Developer Microsoft
Written in {{#property:p277}}
Source model Closed source
Released to
manufacturing
December 9, 1987; 31 years ago (1987-12-09)
License Commercial software
Preceded by Windows 1.0 (1985)
Succeeded by Windows 2.1x (1988)
Official website http://www.microsoft.com/
Support status
Unsupported as of December 31, 2001

Windows 2.0 is a 16-bit Microsoft Windows GUI-based operating environment that was released on December 9, 1987,[1] and is the successor to Windows 1.0.

Features

Windows 2.0 allowed application windows to overlap each other unlike its predecessor Windows 1.0, which could display only tiled windows.[2] Windows 2.0 also introduced more sophisticated keyboard-shortcuts[3] and the terminology of "Minimize" and "Maximize", as opposed to "Iconize" and "Zoom" in Windows 1.0.[4] The basic window setup introduced here would last through Windows 3.1. Like Windows 1.x, Windows 2.x applications cannot be run on Windows 3.1 or up without modifications since they were not designed for protected mode.[5] Windows 2.0 was also the first Windows version to integrate the control panel.[2]

New features in Windows 2.0 included VGA graphics (although 16 colors only). It was also the last version of Windows that did not require a hard disk. With the improved speed, reliability and usability, computers now started becoming a part of daily life for some workers. Desktop icons and use of keyboard shortcuts helped to speed up the work.[6] The Windows 2.x EGA, VGA, and Tandy drivers notably provided a workaround in Windows 3.0 for users who wanted color graphics on 8086 machines (a feature that version normally did not support). EMS memory support also appeared for the first time.[7]

Application support

The first Windows versions of Microsoft Word and Microsoft Excel ran on Windows 2.0.[2] Third-party developer support for Windows increased substantially with this version (some shipped the Windows Runtime software with their applications, for customers who had not purchased the full version of Windows).[4] However, most developers still maintained DOS versions of their applications,[2] as Windows users were still a distinct minority of their market. Windows 2.0 was still very dependent on the DOS system and it still hadn't passed the 1 megabyte mark in terms of memory.[8]

There were some applications that shipped with Windows 2.0. They are:

Legal conflict with Apple

On March 17, 1988, Apple Inc. filed a lawsuit against Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard, accusing them of violating copyrights Apple held on the Macintosh System Software.[11] Apple claimed the "look and feel" of the Macintosh operating system, taken as a whole, was protected by copyright and that Windows 2.0 violated this copyright by having the same icons. The judge ruled in favor of Hewlett-Packard and Microsoft in all but 10 of the 189 patents that Apple sued for. The exclusive 10 could not be copyrighted, as ruled by the judge.[2]

References

  1. "A History of Windows". Microsoft. Microsoft. 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 "History of Microsoft". Chip.eu Download. Chip.eu. February 7, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "The History of Microsoft Windows operating systems". Webopedia. Webopedia. January 27, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Windows 2.0". SBP Romania. SBP Romania. 2013. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Tim Robinson (August 26, 2002). "Virtual 8086 Mode". osdev.berlios.de. OSDev. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Mahesh Dabade (November 21, 2015). "History of Windows Operating System". TechTrickle. TechTrickle. Retrieved November 21, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Seth Sibangan (August 7, 2013). "Kellys". SlideShare. Seth Sibangan. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Windows 2.0 definition". The Free Dictionary. The Free Dictionary. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. 9.00 9.01 9.02 9.03 9.04 9.05 9.06 9.07 9.08 9.09 9.10 9.11 9.12 "Windows 2.03". Toasty Tech. Toasty Tech. Retrieved August 7, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Windows Version History". Microsoft Support. Microsoft. Retrieved July 14, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "1980 - 1989: An Industrial Milestone". The Apple Museum. Retrieved September 4, 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links