Winifred Holt

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Winifred Holt
Winifred Holt and blind officer.jpg
Winifred Holt with blind officer
Born (1870-11-17)17 November 1870
New York, New York, United States
Died 14 June 1945(1945-06-14) (aged 74)
Pittsfield, Massachusetts
Nationality American
Occupation Welfare worker

Winifred Holt (17 November 1870 – June 14, 1945) was an American sculptor and welfare worker who founded the New York Association for the Blind, still operating as Lighthouse International.

Biography

Winifred Holt was born in New York on 17 November 1870, the daughter of Henry Holt, a publisher. She was educated at the Brearley School in New York. With her father's encouragement, she assisted in welfare work in the poor Bowery district of New York for several years, while also attending plays, concerts and opera performances. She also started to take lessons in sculpture during a visit to Italy in 1894. On a later visit to Italy in 1901 with her sister Edith the two young women observed a group of blind students at a concert, engrossed by the music. In 1903 they started the Ticket Bureau for the Blind, and Winifred was to devote the rest of her life to assisting the blind. The New York Association for the Blind was founded at the Holt's home in 1905.[1] The organization is today known as Lighthouse International.

In 1913 the first "Lighthouse" center opened in New York City, dedicated by President William Howard Taft, helping the blind in education, employment and recreation. Similar centers were later opened in many other cities in the United States, and then in other countries. In 1921 Winifred Holt was made a Chevalier of the French Legion of Honour.[2] Winifred's sister Edith, wife of the surgeon Joseph Colt Bloodgood, assisted with the Lighthouse.[citation needed] Winifred married Rufus Graves Mather on 16 November 1922, and the couple continued with the work for the blind association and other charities. She died in Pittsfield, Massachusetts in 1945 of hypertensive heart disease.[2]

Gallery

References

Citations

  1. James 1971, p. 209.
  2. 2.0 2.1 James 1971, p. 210.

Sources

  • James, Ellen Malino (1971). "HOLT, Winifred". In James, Edward T.; James, Janet Wilson; Boyer, Paul S. Notable American Women: 1607-1950. 2 P–Z. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674627345.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Bloodgood, Edith Holt, ed. (1952). First lady of the Lighthouse: a biography of Winifred Holt Mather. The Lighthouse, New York Association for the Blind.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links