Wood's Monument (West Point)

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Wood's Monument
United States
Wood's Monument, West Point, NY 2010.jpg
Wood's monument in its current location in the West Point Cemetery
For Colonel Eleazer D. Wood
Unveiled 1818
Location Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
near Highland Falls, New York
To the Memory of Lieut Colonel E. D. Wood of the CORPS OF ENGINEERS who fell while leading a Charge at the sortie of Fort Erie UPPER CANADA 17th September 1814 in the 31st Year of his age.

Wood's Monument is an obelisk monument in honor of Colonel Eleazer Derby Wood (1783–1814), an engineer officer and early graduate of West Point who died during the War of 1812 at the Siege of Fort Erie on 17 September 1814. Old prints of West Point show this monument located on a knoll near the flag pole. The monument was once used as a navigational aid for ships making the passage down the Hudson River.[1]

Eleazer Wood

Eleazer D. Wood (1783 – September 17, 1814) was born in Lunenburg, Massachusetts. Wood was one of the earliest graduates of the U.S. Military Academy, becoming the 17th graduate of the academy in 1806. He was well known among the army officer corps as an engineer and artillery officer. He built Fort Meigs in Ohio as well as other fortifications. Fort Wood, an early 19th-century star-shaped fortification on Bedloe's Island (named after Isaac Bedloo), now called Liberty Island, was named in his honor,[2] as is Wood County, Ohio.[3]

History of the monument

At the conclusion of the War of 1812, Major General Jacob Brown contacted Colonel Sylvanus Thayer, Superintendent of the Military Academy, and ordered the monument's construction at West Point at his own expense.[4] The monument is a four-sided obelisk approximately 15 feet (4.6 m) tall. Erected in 1818, it was once prominently located near the site of present day Trophy Point.[5] As the academy expanded, the monument was moved to the cemetery in 1885, where it is located next to the graves of the Warner sisters, Susan and Anna. Its dedication in 1818 makes it the oldest monument at the academy.

References

  1. "West Point Cemetery". USMA.edu. Retrieved 2010-04-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Liberty's Statue". The New York Times. 1886-10-10. Retrieved 2010-04-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Colonel Eleazer Derby Wood's Monument at West Point". Florida Center for Instructional Technology. Retrieved 2010-04-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Eleazer D. Wood". Bill Thayer. Retrieved 2010-04-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Eleazer Derby Wood, USMA 1806". Prof. V. Frederick Rickey. Retrieved 2010-04-03.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>