Worth Matravers

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Worth Matravers
Village pond, Worth Matravers
Worth Matravers is located in Dorset
Worth Matravers
Worth Matravers
 Worth Matravers shown within Dorset
Population 638 (parish)
OS grid reference SY975775
Civil parish Worth Matravers
District Purbeck
Shire county Dorset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town SWANAGE
Postcode district BH19
Dialling code 01929
Police Dorset
Fire Dorset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South Dorset
List of places

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Worth Matravers is a village and civil parish in the English county of Dorset. The village is situated on the cliffs west of Swanage. It comprises limestone cottages and farm houses and is built around a pond, which is a regular feature on postcards of the Isle of Purbeck.

The civil parish stretches from the coast northwards to, and just beyond, the A351 road from Corfe Castle to Swanage. The village of Worth Matravers is situated on side roads towards the south of the parish, which also includes the village of Harman's Cross on the main road to the north.[1]

The cliffs of Worth Matravers were the site of a Chain Home radar station during World War II, which was instrumental in the development of radar when the Telecommunications Research Establishment outstation shared the site from 1940 until 1942 when it was relocated to Malvern, Worcestershire.[2]


To the south of Worth Matravers village are the limestone cliffs of the English Channel coast. These are situated on the South West Coast Path.

This coastline is popular with tourists in the summer months, with the rocky beaches of Winspit, Seacombe and Chapman's Pool situated within walking distance of the village.

To the north of the village and parish are the chalk Purbeck Hills. Many tourists pass through this area on the Swanage Railway, a steam locomotive operated heritage railway. Harman's Cross railway station on that railway is within the parish, but a significant distance from the village of Worth Matravers.

The parish includes the settlement of Harman's Cross to the north, and has an area of 10.98 square kilometres. In the 2011 census it had 285 households and a population of 638.[3] The parish forms part of the Purbeck local government district. It is within the South Dorset constituency of the House of Commons and the South West England constituency of the European Parliament.[1][4][5]


Traditionally the village's economy was based on farming, quarrying and fishing. Today[when?], two quarries - Swanworth and St. Aldhelm's - are still in operation, with Swanworth due to close within the next five years[when?]. Both arable and pasture farming are still central to the village's economy.

Places of interest

A monument on St Aldhelm's head, about a mile from the village, commemorates the development of radar by the Telecommunications Research Establishment at RAF Worth Matravers which was also one of the Chain Home radar stations during World War II, which proved decisive in the allied victory of that war. A Royal Observer Corps[1] monitoring post is situated in the lay-bye on the road to Worth Matravers.

About a mile from the village is Winspit, an old quarry on the cliffs. This was used as a filming location for an episode of Blake's 7 and also in two Doctor Who stories.

On the bluff of the headland is the Norman Saint Aldhelm's Chapel dedicated to St Aldhelm, Bishop of Sherborne.

The village is also well known for the Square and Compass, a Grade II listed public house, which has operated since 1793.[6] It is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.[7] It holds an annual week-long stone carving festival and accommodates a small museum exhibiting fossils and other local artefacts.


File:Worth Maltravers 062.JPG
The tomb of Benjamin Jesty
  • In 2004, local fishermen were targeted with a sabotage campaign by the so-called "Lobster Liberation Front", a fringe animal rights group operating in the area.
  • The tombs of Benjamin Jesty, a farmer who is reported to have vaccinated his family against Smallpox having made the same observations as Edward Jenner and a while earlier, but kept quiet about it, and his wife are side by side in the churchyard. Jesty's family may be the first recorded deliberate attempt to induce immunity to Smallpox using Cowpox, or it may have been a more widespread activity prior to its systematisation.
  • The first President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom Lord Phillips, took Worth Matravers as part of his title.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 OS Explorer Map OL15 - Purbeck & South Dorset. Ordnance Survey. 2006. ISBN 978-0-319-23865-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. http://www.purbeckradar.org.uk/purbeck/index.htm
  3. "Area: Worth Matravers (Parish). Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 16 February 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Worth Matravers - Dorset For You". Dorset For You Partnership. Retrieved 2007-08-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Parish Statistics" (PDF). Purbeck District Council. 2007-01-11. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Historic England. "Bridge Inn, Topsham (1151928)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 19 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. pp. 36–37. ISBN 9781852493042. |access-date= requires |url= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links