Xinhai Lhasa turmoil

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Xinhai Lhasa turmoil (Chinese: 辛亥拉萨动乱) refers to the racial clash in the Lhasa region of Tibet and various mutinies following the Wuchang Uprising. It effectively resulted in the end of Qing rule in Tibet.


The Wuchang Uprising unfolded on October 10, 1911, and marked the beginning of the Xinhai Revolution. Turmoils in the frontier regions of China began to spread.

The revolutionaries led by Sun Yat-sen insisted on "getting rid of the Tartars" and rejected the Manchus, creating a new regime based completely on the Han dominated China proper. The multiculturalism in China began to experience crisis on collapsing (Sun Yat-sen later discovered the motto to be inappropriate, and modified it). It was one of the mistakes made by Sun Yat-sen.

Turmoil in Tibet

The influence of the Wuchang Uprising rapidly spread to the frontier region. Many of the Qing army in Tibet were members of Gelaohui, and there were different cases of internal strife going on. These Tibetan armies ended up struggling against each other, and Tibet fell into a state of anarchy. In the winter of 1911, the Qing Governor of Sichuan, Zhao Erfeng, was executed by radical civilians, and the situation turned worse as Xikang fell into turmoil as well. As a result, the Dalai Lama were able to eliminate the Qing's influence in Tibet and return as the sole administrator of the region. The Qing army in Tibet were unable to resist the Dalai Lama, and fled back to inland China via India.

See also