Xinjiang University (XJU) (Uyghur: شىنجاڭ ئۇنىۋېرستېتى, Шинҗаң Университети, Chinese: 新疆大学; pinyin: Xīnjiāng Dàxué) is one of the major universities in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China, and is a national key university. Established in 1924 in Urumqi, Xinjiang University is a comprehensive university with the highest academic level in Xinjiang, under Project 211.
Establishment and location
In 1924, Xinjiang Russian and Law School was founded, which is known as the former school of Xinjiang University. In 1935, it was converted to Xinjiang College. Xinjiang University was named in 1960; it is in the southern part of Urumqi. Among its prominent leaders was Du Zhongyuan, who was executed in 1943 on suspicion of being subversive.
It is a national key comprehensive university with students from various ethnic groups. It is one of two in Xinjiang entering the national “211 Project.” On December 30, 2000, the former Xinjiang University and Xinjiang Engineering Institute merged into a new Xinjiang University. In the past 78 years, it has seen 65,000 students graduate.
Xinjiang University comprises fourteen schools, which has courses and branches of study ranging from science, engineering, law and economics to management, the arts and history. A new major in intellectual property was created in 2013. XJU has three campuses: the Main Campus, the North Campus and the South Campus.
There are three Ph.D. programs, 46 Masters’ programs and 75 undergraduate majors. The university has research institutions in these areas of study:
- Arid Ecology
- Math Theory
- Applied Chemistry
- Central Asian Culture
- Altaic Study
- Architectural Design
- About Xinjiang University, Retrieved on 2 September 2008
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