Yugoslavia national football team
|Nickname(s)||Beli Orlovi (White Ealges)
Plavi (The Blues)
Brazilians of Europe
|Most caps||Dragan Džajić (85)
|Top scorer||Stjepan Bobek (38)
|Home stadium||Red Star Stadium, Belgrade|
| Czechoslovakia 7–0 KY
(Antwerp, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
Czechoslovakia 0–2 SFRY
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; 9 May 1945)
Last International as SFRY
Netherlands 2–0 SFRY
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 25 March 1992)
|Appearances||8 (First in 1930)|
|Best result||Semi-finals: 1930;
Fourth place: 1962
|Appearances||4 (First in 1960)|
|Best result||Runners-up (2): 1960, 1968|
The Yugoslavia national football team represented the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941, until 1929 as Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes), and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1943–1992, until November 29, 1945 as Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, November 29, 1945–1963 as Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia) in association football. It enjoyed success in international competition. In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, the team was suspended from international competition as part of a United Nations sanction. In 1994, when the boycott was lifted, it was succeeded by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia national football team.
- 1 History
- 2 National teams
- 3 Youth teams
- 4 Kit History
- 5 Competitive record
- 6 Most capped players
- 7 Head to head records
- 8 Head coaches
- 9 See also
- 10 References
The first national team was in the kingdom that existed between the two world wars. The Football Federation of what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was founded in Zagreb in 1919 under the name Jugoslovenski nogometni savez (and admitted into FIFA), and the national team played its first international game at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp in 1920. The opponent was Czechoslovakia, and the historic starting eleven that represented Kingdom of SCS on its debut were: Dragutin Vrđuka, Vjekoslav Župančić, Jaroslav Šifer, Stanko Tavčar, Slavin Cindrić, Rudolf Rupec, Dragutin Vragović, Artur Dubravčić, Emil Perška, Ivan Granec, and Jovan Ružić. They lost by a huge margin 0–7, but nonetheless got their names in the history books.
1930 World Cup
In 1929, the country was renamed to Yugoslavia and the football association became Fudbalski Savez Jugoslavije and moved its headquarters to Belgrade. The national team participated at the 1930 FIFA World Cup, finishing in fourth place. In its first ever World Cup match in Montevideo's Parque Central, Yugoslavia managed a famous 2–1 win versus mighty Brazil, with the following starting eleven representing the country: Milovan Jakšić, Branislav Sekulić, Aleksandar Tirnanić, Milutin Ivković, Ivica Bek, Momčilo Đokić, Blagoje Marjanović, Milorad Arsenijević, Đorđe Vujadinović, Dragoslav Mihajlović, and Ljubiša Stefanović. The national team consisted of players based in Serbian football clubs, while the Zagreb Subassociation forbid players from Croatian clubs, some of which were regulars in the national team until then, to play in the World Cup due to the relocation of football association's headquarters from Zagreb to Belgrade.
Silver Medal at 1948 Summer Olympics
Yugoslavia begin their football campaign by defeating Luxembourg 6–1, with five different players scoring the goals. In the quarter-finals and the semi-finals, they would take out Turkey and Great Britain by the same score of 3–1. In the final though, they would lose to Sweden.
Silver Medal at 1952 Summer Olympics
Having a team with many players from the 1948 generation, Yugoslavia was a formidable side at the 1952 Summer Olympics and finished as runner-ups behind the legendary Hungary national football team. Against the USSR, Yugoslavia was 5–1 up with 15 minutes of their first round match to go. The Yugoslavs, understandably, put their feet up. Arthur Ellis, the match referee, recorded what happened next in his book, The Final Whistle (London, 1963): "The USSR forced the most honourable draw ever recorded! [Vsevolod] Bobrov, their captain, scored a magnificent hat-trick. After the USSR had reduced the lead to 5–2, he, almost single-handed, took the score to 5–5, scoring his third in the last minute. For once, use of the word sensational was justified." Although Bobrov's early goal in their replay presaged a miraculous recovery, Yugoslavia recovered sufficiently to put out their opponents easily in the second half.
The federation and football overall was disrupted by World War II. After the war, a socialist federation was formed and the football federation reconstituted. It was one of the founding members of the UEFA and it organized the 1976 European Championship played in Belgrade and Zagreb. The national team participated in eight World Cups, four Euros, and won the Olympic football tournament in 1960 at the Summer Games (they also finished second three times and third once).
Dissolution and UN embargo
With the end of the Cold War, democratic principles were introduced to the country which brought about the end of Titoist rule. In the subsequent atmosphere, national tensions were heightened. At the Yugoslavia-Netherlands friendly in preparation for the 1990 World Cup, the Croatian crowd in Zagreb jeered the Yugoslav team and anthem and waved Dutch flags (owing to its resemblance to the Croatian tricolour). With the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the team split up and the remaining team of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was banned from competing at Euro 92. The decision was made on 31 May 1992, just 10 days before the competition commenced.
They had finished top of their qualifying group, but were unable to play in the competition due to United Nations Security Council Resolution 757. Their place was taken by Denmark, who went on to win the competition. Yugoslavia had also been drawn as the top seed in Group 5 of the European Zone in the qualifying tournament for the 1994 World Cup. FRY was barred from competing, rendering the group unusually weak.
After the breakup of Yugoslavia, the FRY consisted of Montenegro and Serbia. The national team of Serbia and Montenegro continued under the name Yugoslavia until 2003, when country and team were renamed Serbia and Montenegro. For the later official football teams, see:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team
- Croatia national football team
- Slovenia national football team
- Republic of Macedonia national football team
- Serbia and Montenegro national football team, later
Both FIFA and UEFA consider the Serbian national team to be the direct and sole successor of the Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia) and Serbia and Montenegro national football teams. The teams of other republics were inducted as fully new members.
|Nation||Confederation||International Tournament (s)||Qualifying Play-off (s)||FIFA Active|
|Croatia||UEFA||UEFA Euro 1996
1998 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2004
2006 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2008
UEFA Euro 2012
2014 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2016
|Pld: 4 - Won: 4 - Lost: 0||(since 1991)|
|Serbia||UEFA||1998 FIFA World Cup1
UEFA Euro 20001
2006 FIFA World Cup2
2010 FIFA World Cup
|Pld: 1 - Won: 1 - Lost: 0||(since 1994)|
|Slovenia||UEFA||UEFA Euro 2000
2002 FIFA World Cup
2010 FIFA World Cup
|Pld: 5 - Won: 3 - Lost: 2||(since 1991)|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||UEFA||2014 FIFA World Cup||Pld: 3 - Won: 0 - Lost: 3||(since 1996)|
|Montenegro||UEFA||Pld: 1 - Won: 0 - Lost: 1||(since 2007)|
|Macedonia||UEFA||Pld: 0 - Won: 0 - Lost: 0||(since 1991)|
- 1^ Competed as Yugoslavia, represented Federal Republic of Yugoslavia;
- 2^ Competed as Serbia and Montenegro, represented State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
- Croatia has/will appear at their 9th major tournament since the independence, most by any other former republic;
- Croatia's 3rd place finish at 1998 FIFA World Cup is the best result at a major tournament by any other former republic;
- Bosnia and Herzegovina was the first former Yugoslav nation to qualify for a FIFA World Cup directly, and not via play-offs first;
- Croatia was the first former Yugoslav nation to qualify to a major tournament after independence;
- Slovenia has only qualified for major tournaments via play-offs (3);
- Croatia were seeded inside Pot 1 of FIFA World Cup qualifications on 3 successive occasions, in 2010, 2014 and 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, after FR Yugoslavia who were seeded once in 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification;
- Only three former Yugoslav republics were ever seeded inside Pot 1 in the history of UEFA European Championship qualifying competition, after FR Yugoslavia (UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying), Croatia (UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying) and Bosnia (Euro 2016 qualifying);
- No former SFR Yugoslav republic was ever seeded or in Pot 1 at finals of a major tournament;
- Niko Kranjčar played for Croatia at 2006 FIFA World Cup under his father - head coach Zlatko Kranjčar; likewise Tino-Sven Sušić played for Bosnia at 2014 FIFA World Cup under his uncle - head coach Safet Sušić.
The Yugoslav under-20 team won the FIFA World Youth Championship 1987.
World Cup record
|1934||Did Not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1938||Did Not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1966||Did Not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1970||Did Not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1974||2nd Group Stage||7th||6||1||2||3||12||7|
|1978||Did Not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1986||Did Not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
- * Draw for 1994 FIFA World Cup qualifiers was made on 8 December 1991, however due to break-up of SFR Yugoslavia and consequent military conflict, which broke in early 1991, FSJ ceased to exist as football organization of the SFR Yugoslavia. Organization that remained based in Belgrade, Serbia, was excluded from taking part as FSJ or its successor due to UN sanctions.
European Championship record
|1964||Did not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1972||Did not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1980||Did not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|1988||Did not Qualify||-||-||-||-||-||-|
- *There was no third place playoff, but Yugoslavia was awarded with bronze medal
- **Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
- ***Gold background color indicates that the tournament was won. Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.
- ****Qualified for the tournament, but suspended because of United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 during Yugoslav wars. Yugoslavia was replaced by Denmark, who went on to win the tournament.
Most capped players
Head to head records
|Republic of Ireland||2||1||0||1|
|United Arab Emirates||1||1||0||0|
- Related articles
- List of Yugoslavia international footballers
- List of Yugoslavia national football team goalscorers
- Yugoslavia national football team games
- Yugoslavia national under-21 football team
- Yugoslavia national under-20 football team
- Successor teams
- Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team successor
- Croatia national football team successor
- Macedonia national football team successor
- Montenegro national football team successor
- Serbia national football team successor (considered the only official successor of Yugoslavia by FIFA and UEFA)
- Slovenia national football team successor
- A farewell to Yugoslavia openDemocracy.net. Dejan Djokic; 10-04-2002
- As of 1992 before the split of SFR Yugoslavia; for later data see Serbia and Montenegro national football team.
- History at FSS official website, Retrieved 4 October 2012 (Serbian)
- Serbia at FIFA official website
- News: Serbia at UEFA official website, published 1 January 2011, Retrieved 4 October 2012
- History at Football Association of Serbia official website, retrieved 17-5-2913 (Serbian)
- Kako je plavi dres pocrveneo
- "History of the FIFA World Cup Preliminary Competition (by year)" (PDF). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. Retrieved 13 December 2011.
- Медаља из дома Хаџијевих сведочи да смо били трећи на Мундијалу (in Serbian). Politika. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- "Još uvek sjaji bronza iz Montevidea" (in Serbian). Blic. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
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