Yukio Sakurauchi

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Yukio Sakurauchi
櫻内 幸雄
File:Yukio sakurauchi.jpg
Yukio Sakurauchi
Born (1888-10-14)October 14, 1888
Hirose, Shimane, Japan
Died October 9, 1947(1947-10-09) (aged 58)
Nationality Japanese
Occupation entrepreneur, politician, cabinet minister

Yukio Sakurauchi (櫻内 幸雄 Sakurauchi Yukio ?, 14 October 1888 – 9 October 1947) was an entrepreneur, politician and cabinet minister in the pre-war Empire of Japan. He was the father of prominent post-war politician Yoshio Sakurauchi, and grandfather of controversial politician Seiichi Ota.

Sakurauchi was born in former Hirose Town Shimane Prefecture, in what is now part of the city of Yasugi, Shimane. The Sakurauchi family were former samurai in the service of Matsue Domain. His father relocated to Yonago in neighboring Tottori Prefecture in 1885, and started a company to produce and sell Water wheels. The venture did not succeed, and the family moved to Sakaiminato starting a business in commodity trading in 1886, followed by tofu production and retail sales in 1887. Sakurauchi left home in 1893 to work in a paper mill in Yokohama in 1893 for minimal wages. In 1895, he was in Tokyo, working as a typesetter and artisan for a newspaper, becoming a reporter for the Nippon Telegraph news agency in 1902, and executive director of the Ogura Racing Association by 1907. Making a fortune in speculating in horses by 1908, he was appointed president of Saitama Electric Light Company in 1909 and president of Okayama Hydroelectric Company in 1917.

Sakurauchi was elected to the Lower House of the Diet of Japan in the 1920 General Election, under the Rikken Seiyūkai banner, and was reelected for six terms. Sakurauchi became president of Ibiden company in 1925. He subsequently changed his political party affiliation to the Rikken Minseitō, and served as Secretary-General of the party in 1927.

In 1931, Prime Minister Wakatsuki Reijirō picked Sakurauchi as Minister of Commerce and Industry. He returned to the Cabinet under the Hirota administration as Minister of Agriculture and Forestry in 1939. In 1940, Sakurauchi was asked to serve as Treasury Minister under the Yonai administration. As with all other Japanese politicians, Sakurauchi was forced to join the Taisei Yokusankai created by Prime Minister Fumimaro Konoe. From May 1945 to April 1946, Sakurauchi served as a member of the Privy Council.

After the surrender of Japan, Sakurauchi was purged from public office in 1946 along with all other members of the wartime administration. He died the following year.

Political offices
Preceded by
Kazuo Aoki
Treasury Minister
Jan 1940 – Jul 1940
Succeeded by
Isao Kawada
Preceded by
Yoriyasu Arima
Minister of Agriculture & Forestry
Jan 1939 – Aug 1939
Succeeded by
Takuo Godō
Preceded by
Magoichi Tawara
Minister of Commerce and Industry
Apr 1931 – Dec 1931
Succeeded by
Yonezo Maeda