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Zeronet logo.png
Zeronet homepage.png
ZeroNet landing page
Developer(s) Tamas Kocsis
Initial release 2015
Development status Active
Written in Python
Operating system Windows, Linux, OS X, FreeBSD, Android
Available in Danish, German, English, Spanish, French, Hungarian, Italian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian, Turkish, Ukrainian, Chinese.
Type Peer-to-peer web hosting
License GNU GPL v2

ZeroNet is a decentralized web-like network of peer-to-peer users. Programming for the network is based in Budapest, Hungary; is built in Python; and fully open source.[1] Instead of having an IP address, sites are identified by a public key (specifically a bitcoin address). The private key allows the owner of a site to sign and publish change, which propagate through the network. Sites can be accessed through an ordinary web browser when using the ZeroNet application, which acts as a local webhost for such pages.[1] In addition to using bitcoin cryptography, ZeroNet uses trackers from the BitTorrent network[2][3][4] to negotiate connections between peers.[1] ZeroNet is anonymous by default, by hiding their IP address using the built in Tor-functionality.

The BitTorrent website Play hosts a magnet link repository on ZeroNet, which links to copyrighted content.[1] There is a Reddit community which offers support for ZeroNet.[1]

The existence of peer-to-peer online web-sites had been hypothesised for some time, with The Pirate Bay suggesting they would build a network, as well as BitTorrent Inc. which created the closed source Project Maelstrom.[1][5] One other similar project is the SAFE Network by MaidSafe, though it has not yet seen widespread use, and has been said to focus more on file storage.[5] Another application, Beaker browser, uses the P2P DAT files protocol to allow the creation, hosting and serving of websites without need of a server.[6]

As of 2016 there is no way to take down a ZeroNet page which still has seeders,[1] thus making such pages immune to third-party methods of taking them down, including DMCA takedown notices.[7] By default, sites have a size limit of 10 megabytes, but users may grant a site permission to use more storage space if they wish.

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Play: A P2P Distributed Torrent Site That's Impossible to Shut Down – TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak. Retrieved 2016-03-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Kysar, Tom (18 March 2015). "ZeroNet Expands Key Distributed And Anonymous Features". Retrieved 20 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Sewell, Chase (15 January 2015). "Can Blockchain Technology Decentralize the Web?". Retrieved 20 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Kumar, Mohit (18 February 2015). "MegaNet — New Decentralized, Non-IP Based and Encrypted Network". The Hacker News. Retrieved 20 September 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 Prisco, Giulio. "BitTorrent-Powered ZeroNet Decentralized Web Pioneers Peer-To-Peer Internet". Bitcoin Magazine. Retrieved 2016-03-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Inside Beaker
  7. "Steal This Show S01E07: Did P2P Break the Law? - TorrentFreak". TorrentFreak. Event occurs at 17m39s. Retrieved 2016-03-08. and what's happened is [...] some forward-thinking person has created a site on ZeroNet called Play, a torrent site[...]. The difference is that you can't take it down. I think you literally can't take it down. [...] It sniffs at your DMCA.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links