Zevulun Hammer

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Zevulun Hammer
File:Zevulun Hamar.jpg
Date of birth 31 May 1936
Place of birth Haifa, Mandatory Palestine
Date of death Script error: The function "death_date_and_age" does not exist.
Place of death Jerusalem, Israel
Knessets 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14
Faction represented in Knesset
1969–1984 National Religious Party
1984 Gesher – Zionist Religious Centre
1984–1998 National Religious Party
Ministerial roles
1975–1976 Minister of Welfare
1977–1984 Minister of Education and Culture
1986–1988 Minister of Religious Affairs
1988–1990 Minister of Religious Affairs
1990–1992 Minister of Education and Culture
1996–1998 Deputy Prime Minister
1996–1998 Minister of Education, Culture & Sport
1997–1998 Minister of Religious Affairs

Zevulun Hammer (Hebrew: זבולון המר‎, 31 May 1936 – 20 January 1998) was an Israeli politician, minister and Deputy Prime Minister.


Hammer was born in Haifa during the Mandate era. He was an active member of the Bnei Akiva youth movement (which he led), and served in the Israeli Armored Corps in a Nahal programme. He graduated from Bar-Ilan University with a BA in Judaism and Bible, as well as a teaching certificate and worked as a teacher. At the university, he headed the Student Union and was a member of the Presidium of the Israeli Students Association and the World Union of Jewish Students.

Political career

Hammer was first elected to the Knesset in 1969 as a member of the National Religious Party. He became Deputy Minister of Education and Culture in January 1973. In November 1975 he was appointed Minister of Welfare, but in December 1976 his party resigned from the cabinet

After the 1977 elections he was appointed Minister of Education, a role he retained until September 1984. For a brief period during the 10th Knesset, Hammer and Yehuda Ben-Meir broke away from the NRP and formed a new faction, Gesher – Zionist Religious Centre; however, they returned to the NRP after two weeks.

In October 1986 he became Minister of Religious Affairs, and in 1990 was re-appointed Education Minister. He lost his place in the cabinet after the NRP were left out of Yitzhak Rabin's government, but regained it following the 1996 elections, when he was appointed Education Minister and Deputy Prime Minister. In August 1997 he was also appointed Minister of Religious Affairs.[1]


Hammer was diagnosed with cancer and died in office on 20 January 1998, leaving a wife and four children.


External links