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Mauretania et Numidia.jpg
Map showing Zuccabar just south of Caesarea of Mauretania
Zuccabar is located in Algeria
Shown within Algeria
Location Algeria
Region Aïn Defla Province
Coordinates Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found.

Zuccabar or Zucchabar (present day Miliana in Algeria) was an ancient town in the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis.


It was constituted as a Roman colony (Colonia Iulia Augusta Zucchabar) under Augustus.

Indeed, actual Miliana corresponds[1][2] to the town of Punic origin known in Roman times as "Zucchabar" (or even "Succhabar"). Under Augustus, it was given the rank of colonia and was thus referred to as Colonia Iulia Augusta Zucchabar.[3] The Greek form of the name used by the geographer Ptolemy was Ζουχάββαρι (Zuchabbari).[4] Pliny the Elder calls it "the colony of Augusta, also called Succabar",[5] and Ammianus Marcellinus gives it the name Sugabarri or (in adjectival form) Sugabarritanum.[6][7][8]

Zuccabar belonged to the Roman province of Mauretania Caesariensis[1][2][5] and was located 70 km south of the capital Caesarea, with a population of nearly 5,000 inhabitants (mostly romanised berbers).

Zucchabar became a Christian episcopal see in the fourth century. The names of two of its Catholic bishops and one Donatist are recorded:[9]

  • Maximianus, who attended the Conference of Carthage in 411 AD;
    • Germanus, the Donatist bishop who attended the same conference;
  • Stephanus, one of the Catholic bishops whom Huneric summoned to a meeting in Carthage in February 484 AD and then exiled.

The bishopric is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[10] In late antiquity it was an episcopal see that has been "born again" as a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church since 1967.

Miliana was (re)founded in the 10th century by Buluggin ibn Ziri on the site of the ancient Roman city of Zuccabar (or "Succhabar").


In the movie Gladiator by Ridley Scott, Zucchabar is falsely introduced as the name of a Roman province, when Maximus is brought south of his homeland Hispania into an arid and desert land, after having been enslaved by merchants. It is also in this province that he meets Proximo.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Werner Huß "Succhabar" in Brill's New Pauly (2011)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Miliana ville historique
  3. T.W. Potter, "Zucchabar"
  4. Ptolemy, Book 4, chapter 2 (page 95 in the translation by Edward Luther Stevenson (New York, 1932)
  5. 5.0 5.1 Pliny, Natural Histories, book 5, chapter 1
  6. Ammianus Marcellinus, Roman History, XXIX, V, 25 and 20
  7. Jan den Boeft, Jan Willem Drijvers, Daniël den Hengst, Hans Teitler (editors), Philological and Historical Commentary on Ammianus Marcellinus XXIX (Brill 2013 ISBN 978-90-0426787-9), p. 179
  8. George Sale, George Psalmanazar, Archibald Bower, George Shelvocke, John Campbell, John Swinton An Universal History, from the Earliest Account of Time (T. Osborne 1748), p. 313
  9. Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, p. 371]
  10. Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 1013