Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

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Charles I
Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
File:Karl I. von Pfalz-Zweibruecken-Birkenfeld.jpg
Charles I, Count Palatine by Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim
Spouse(s) Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Father Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
Mother Anna of Hesse
Born (1560-09-04)4 September 1560
Neuburg an der Donau
Died Script error: The function "death_date_and_age" does not exist.
Buried Meisenheim

Charles I of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld (German: Karl I.; 4 September 1560 – 16 December 1600), Count Palatine of the Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim was the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1569 until 1600.


Charles was born in Neuburg in 1560 as the youngest son of Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken. After his father's death in 1569, Charles and his brothers partitioned his territories: Charles received the Palatine share on the Rear County of Sponheim, a small territory around Birkenfeld. Charles is the founder of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld.

Charles died in Birkenfeld in 1600 and was buried in Meisenheim. Charles was a prince of a relatively unimportant state, and his chief fame is that the Kings of Bavaria descended from him.


Charles married Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1 January 1570 – 15 August 1649), daughter of Duke William VI, on 23 February 1586 and had the following children:

  1. George William (6 August 1591 – 25 December 1669)
  2. Sophie (29 March 1593 – 16 November 1676)
  3. Frederick (29 October 1594 – 20 July 1626)
  4. Christian (3 November 1598 – 6 September 1654)


Family of Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
16. Louis I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
8. Alexander, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
17. Johanna of Croÿ
4. Louis II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
18. Kraft VI, Count of Hohenlohe-Weikersheim
9. Margarete of Hohenlohe-Neuenstein
19. Helene of Württemberg
2. Wolfgang, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
20. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 24)
10. William I, Landgrave of Lower Hesse
21. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
5. Elisabeth of Hesse
22. William IV, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
11. Anna of Brunswick
23. Elizabeth of Stolberg-Wernigerode
1. Charles I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
24. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse (= 20)
12. William II, Landgrave of Hesse
25. Mechthild of Württemberg-Urach (= 25)
6. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse
26. Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg
13. Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
27. Sophie of Pomerania-Stettin
3. Anna of Hesse
28. Albert III, Duke of Saxony
14. George, Duke of Saxony
29. Sidonie of Poděbrady
7. Christine of Saxony
30. Casimir IV Jagiellon
15. Barbara Jagiellon
31. Elisabeth of Austria


  • Jahresbericht [afterw.] Trierer Jahresberichte, 1858, p. 50 (Digitalised)

Preceded by:

Charles I

Succeeded by:

Wolfgang of Palatinate-Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
George William of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
Christian I of Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler