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From today's featured article
Ottomans with Christian slaves, 1639 drawing.
Slavery in the Ottoman Empire was a legal and significant part of the Ottoman Empire's economy and society. The main sources of slaves were war captives and organized enslavement expeditions in North and East Africa, Eastern Europe, the Balkans and Circassia in the Caucasus. It has been reported that the selling price of slaves fell after large military operations. Enslavement of Caucasians was banned in the early 19th century, while slaves from other groups were allowed. In Constantinople (present-day Istanbul), the administrative and political center of the Empire, about a fifth of the population consisted of slaves in 1609.
Even after several measures to ban slavery in the late 19th century, the practice continued largely unabated into the early 20th century. As late as 1908, female slaves were still sold in the Ottoman Empire. Sexual slavery
was a central part of the Ottoman slave system throughout the history of the institution. (Full article...
Did you know...
On this day...
- 1218 – Al-Kamil becomes Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil I.
- 1798 – Irish Rebellion of 1798: Irish rebels, with French assistance, establish the short-lived Republic of Connacht.
- 1864 – During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta.
- 1965 – The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy aircraft makes its first flight.
- 1987 – Thai Airways Flight 365 crashes into the ocean near Ko Phuket, Thailand, killing all 83 aboard.
- 1998 – North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyŏngsŏng-1, its first satellite.
- 2006 – Edvard Munch's famous painting The Scream, stolen on August 22, 2004, is recovered in a raid by Norwegian police.
Today's featured picture
Christ Carrying the Cross
on his way to his crucifixion
is an episode included in all four Gospels
, and a very common subject in art, especially in the fourteen Stations of the Cross
, sets of which are now found in almost all Catholic churches. However the subject occurs in many other contexts, including single works and cycles of the Life of Christ
or the Passion of Christ
. Alternative names include the Procession to Calvary
, Road to Calvary
and Way to Calvary
being the site of the crucifixion outside Jerusalem
. The actual route taken is defined by tradition as the Via Dolorosa
in Jerusalem, although the specific path of this route has varied over the centuries and continues to be the subject of debate. (Full article...
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