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From today's featured article
was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army
seven weeks after the D-Day
landings, during the Normandy Campaign
of World War II
. American Lieutenant General Omar Bradley
's intention was to take advantage of the German preoccupation with British and Canadian activity around the town of Caen
, in Operation Goodwood
, and immediately punch through the German defenses that were penning in his troops while the Germans were distracted and unbalanced. Once a corridor had been created, the First Army would then be able to advance into Brittany
, rolling up the German flanks and releasing itself of the constraints imposed by operating in the Norman bocage
countryside. After a slow start the offensive gathered momentum, and German resistance collapsed as scattered remnants of broken units fought to escape to the Seine
. Lacking the resources to cope with the situation, the German response was ineffectual, and the entire Normandy front soon collapsed. Operation Cobra, together with concurrent offensives by the Second British
and First Canadian
Armies, was decisive (Full article...
Did you know...
On this day...
- 211 – Publius Septimius Geta, co-emperor of Rome, is lured to come without his bodyguards to meet his brother Marcus Aurelius Antoninus (Caracalla), to discuss a possible reconciliation. When he arrives, the Praetorian Guard murders him and he dies in the arms of his mother, Julia Domna.
- 1562 – The Battle of Dreux takes place during the French Wars of Religion.
- 1912 – William Van Schaick, captain of the steamship General Slocum which caught fire and killed over one thousand people, is pardoned by U.S. President William Howard Taft after three-and-a-half-years in Sing Sing prison.
- 1924 – The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
- 1961 – India annexes Daman and Diu, part of Portuguese India.
- 1981 – Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
- 1983 – The original FIFA World Cup trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, is stolen from the headquarters of the Brazilian Football Confederation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Today's featured picture
Christ Carrying the Cross
on his way to his crucifixion
is an episode included in all four Gospels
, and a very common subject in art, especially in the fourteen Stations of the Cross
, sets of which are now found in almost all Catholic churches. However the subject occurs in many other contexts, including single works and cycles of the Life of Christ
or the Passion of Christ
. Alternative names include the Procession to Calvary
, Road to Calvary
and Way to Calvary
being the site of the crucifixion outside Jerusalem
. The actual route taken is defined by tradition as the Via Dolorosa
in Jerusalem, although the specific path of this route has varied over the centuries and continues to be the subject of debate. (Full article...
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