Dental alveolus

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Dental alveolus
File:Alveole zahn.jpg
Alveola of the second premolar tooth in a bovine maxillary bone.
Details
Latin alveolus dentalis
Anterior superior alveolar arteries, Posterior superior alveolar artery, Inferior alveolar artery
Anterior superior alveolar nerve, Posterior superior alveolar nerve, Inferior alveolar nerve
Identifiers
MeSH A02.835.232.781.324.502.125.800
Dorlands
/Elsevier
a_27/12123723
TA Lua error in Module:Wikidata at line 744: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
TH {{#property:P1694}}
TE {{#property:P1693}}
FMA {{#property:P1402}}
Anatomical terminology
[[[d:Lua error in Module:Wikidata at line 863: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).|edit on Wikidata]]]

Dental alveoli (singular alveolus) are sockets in the jaws in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process with the periodontal ligament. The lay term for dental alveoli is tooth sockets. A joint that connects the roots of the teeth and the alveolus is called gomphosis (plural gomphoses). Alveolar bone is the bone that surrounds the roots of the teeth forming bone sockets.

In mammals, tooth sockets are found in the maxilla, the premaxilla, and the mandible.

Socket preservation

Socket preservation or alveolar ridge preservation (ARP)[1] is a procedure to reduce bone loss after tooth extraction to preserve the dental alveolus (tooth socket) in the alveolar bone. A platelet rich fibrin (PRF)[2] membrane containing bone growth enhancing elements can be stitched over the wound or a graft material or scaffold is placed in the socket of an extracted tooth.[3][4] The socket is then directly closed with stitches or covered with a non-resorbable or resorbable membrane and sutured.[5]

Pathology

The swelling of the dental alveoli can result in alveolitis, causing pain and discomfort to the mouth.

See also

References

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  3. Tassos Irinakis, Rationale for Socket Preservation after Extraction of a Single-Rooted Tooth when Planning for Future Implant Placement, Journal of Canadian Dental Association 2006; 72(10):917–922
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  5. Extraction socket preservation: The time is now