Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales

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Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued March 22, 2006
Decided June 22, 2006
Full case name Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales, Attorney General
Citations 548 U.S. 30 (more)
Holding
Section 241(a)(5) applies to those who reentered the United States before IIRIRA’s effective date and does not retroactively affect any right of, or impose any burden on, the continuing violator of the INA now before this Court. 394 F. 3d 881, was affirmed.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Souter, joined by Roberts, Scalia, Kennedy, Thomas, Ginsburg, Breyer, Alito
Dissent Stevens

Fernandez-Vargas v. Gonzales, 548 U.S. 30 (2006), is a United States Supreme Court case that considered Humberto Fernandez-Vargas, a Mexican citizen who, after being deported, illegally reentered the United States in 1982, and remained undetected for over 20 years, fathering a son in 1989 and marrying the boy’s mother, a U.S. citizen, in 2001. He filed an application to adjust his status to that of a lawful permanent resident, but the Government began proceedings to reinstate his 1981 deportation order under §241(a)(5), and deported him.

Fernandez-Vargas argued that because he illegally reentered the country before IIRIRA's effective date, §241(a)(5) did not bar his application for an adjustment of status, and that §241(a)(5) would be impermissibly retroactive if it did bar his adjustment application. The Court held that Section 241(a)(5) applies to those who reentered the U.S. before IIRIRA's effective date and does not retroactively affect any right of, or impose any burden on, the continuing violator of the INA now before this Court. [clarification needed]

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