Ninth grade

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Ninth grade (called Grade 9 in some regions) is the ninth post-kindergarten year of school education in some school systems. Students are usually 14–15 years old. In the United States, it is often called Freshman year. In Australia, it is the third year of secondary school (high school) for students, though because Australian schools commence school after kindergarten with a "preparatory year" and then start grade one the following year, "ninth grade" is actually the students' tenth year at school. Thus, Australian students are at primary and high school for thirteen years in total.


In Australia, secondary school (sometimes referred to as high school) starts in grade 8 for South Australia and Western Australia and grade 7 for New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria.


In Belgium, the 9th grade is called derde middelbaar in the Dutch speaking north and 3ème secondaire in the French speaking south.


In some parts of Canada, grades Primary through 6 is elementary school. Grades 7-9 is junior high school and grades 10-12 is high school

Costa Rica

  • In Costa Rica, ninth grade is the middle of high school, (here the are five years of high school then you graduate and go to college), you get a diploma and continue studying two more years, you finish when you complete five years from 13 to 17 years old, but in ninth grade your age is 15 years old.


In Denmark, ninth grade is around the same thing as in Sweden. Afterwards, one can choose to go through tenth grade, but it is not required. The students are 15–16 years old. Ninth grade is the year of first final exams, and the last year of "folkeskolen" (the first 10 years of education. Starts from 0th grade to 9th grade). After they can chose the 10th grade, or go to a brand new school of higher education for two (HF, HG) or three years (STX, HHX, HTX). The first year of the higher education is called 1.g (from 15–18 years old), the second year is 2.g (from 16-19) and the third year is 3.g (from 17-20). The age depends on when you started 0th grade and if you took a 10th grade. When you finish 3.g, you get a white hat (studenterhue), with either a blue or a red ribbon around it. The colour of the ribbon depends of the school (HG, HF, HTX, HHX = blue. STX = red.) An education at STX involves all the lessons you can have in Denmark, while HHX and HTX is more the lessons you want yourself and you mix it yourself. HF and HG is usual an easier education than STX, HHX and HTX. After those two or three years, you can go to a university/college to get an even higher education (usually at the years of 19/20 until you finish. Depends on what exactly you're studying there). In STX you learn Danish, French/Spanish/German (at least one these), English, math, physics, chemistry, biology, health, Latin, EP, nature geography, GLU (general language understanding), art/drama/media course/music (at least one of these as artistic lessons), history, psychology/philosophy (at least one of these), classical studies, and social studies. In HHX, HTX you chose some of these lessons and mix it on your own. You can have the lessons on an A-level (means every three years), B-level (two of the years), C-level (one of the years). Of course there're exceptions. In STX you must have Danish and history in an A-level, and English in either A or B. The rest you make up by choice, and you can change it during the years. The levels of the lessons also depend of the subject line you chose. There're the linguistic lines, the social study lines, the math lines, the chemistry lines, the physics lines, the biotech lines, the music lines and sport lines. The EP/health lessons are either on a C or B-level, but no matter what you chose you've it every year. Here the levels just tell if you're very good at sport and you just really love it, or if you're not that interested in it. If you're on a B-level you'll have quite more EP-lessons than the C-level. You go to exams both in 1.g, 2.g and 3.g

The grades are following (starting with the worst, ending with the best): -3: means you don't show up for the lessons, or the exams. 00: dumped. 02: acceptable, but not good. 4: low average, but okay. 7: high average, and good. 10: over the average, very good job. 12: much over the average, excellent job.


In Finland, ninth grade is the last year of compulsory schooling. The students are usually 15 – 16 years old. Afterwards they can choose to go through tenth grade but it is not required. The meaning of tenth grade is to give an opportunity to improve grades.


In France, the equivalent grade is the troisième or "3eme" and it is the final school year before high school.

Students prepare to take the "Diplôme National du Brevet" (DNB) examination - it's the first diploma given to French students, and attests of basic levels in major high school disciplines (French, Mathematics, History and Geography and Arts). This diploma is not necessary to proceed on to high school.


In Germany, the equivalent grade is 9. Klasse.

Hong Kong

In Hong Kong, 9th grade is called Secondary 3.


In India, the ninth grade is the second last year of the secondary school. Students undergo and prepare for final secondary school examinations called the SSC Exam for two years i.e. grade 9 and 10 before getting into higher secondary i.e. grade 11 and 12 called the HSSC Exam.


In Ireland, it is the Third Year or Tríú Bhliain of Secondary School (for 14- and 15-year-olds) this is known as 3rd year. This year is the year students take the Junior Certificate or Teastas Sóisearach.

New Zealand

In New Zealand, Year 10 is the equivalent of ninth grade, with students aged 14–15. It is the second year of secondary school (High School) and the tenth full year of compulsory education.


In Malaysia, 9th grade also known as Form 3 in secondary school. The students at this stage are 15 years old, and it is the third year in the secondary school.


In Mexico, ninth grade is the last year of middle school. The students are aged 14–15.


In the Philippines, Grade 9 has been called 3rd Year High School since school year 2014-2015. Students are usually 14 – 15 years old.


In Portugal, the ninth grade (nono ano, 9º ano) is the last year of the three-year 3º Ciclo do Ensino Básico that also includes the seventh grade and the eighth grade. It is followed by the tenth grade, the first year of the three-year Ensino Secundário. At the end of the ninth grade, students must take national final exams (Provas finais nacionais).


In Singapore, 9th grade is equivalent of Secondary 3 level.


In Sweden, ninth grade is the last year of högstadiet (Secondary school). The students are usually between 15 and 16 years old. That makes ninth grade an important grade for almost every student.


Ninth Grade in Spanish is called 3ºESO(Educación.Secundaría.Obligatoria)

United Kingdom

In British schools, 9th grade (in terms of age requirements) is equivalent to year 10 (called Year 11 in Northern Ireland), the fourth year of comprehensive/high/grammar school. However, students in the UK start secondary school at the age of 11, and finish at the end of the academic year (September 1 – 31 August) in which their 16th birthday falls when they sit GCSE exams. Non-compulsory further education continues where students can choose to remain at school or attend a sixth form college or further education college to take AS levels and A levels or follow vocational courses. From 2011, the current Year 9 (Eighth grade) and below, have to stay in education until they are 18, by doing at least one year post-secondary education. Students are age 14/15 in this grade.


In Scotland, this is third year (or S3) of secondary school.

United States

In the United States, ninth grade is usually the first year in high school (called "upper secondary school" in other countries). In this system, ninth graders are also often referred to as freshmen. It can also be the last year of junior high school. Typical ages for U.S. 9th grade students are 14 and 15 years.

In the mathematics curriculum, ninth graders are usually taught Algebra (known as Integrated Algebra in some parts of the country), Geometry, or Algebra 2. Most basic students usually take Pre-Algebra in their last year of middle school, advanced students will take Algebra I, and Honors students will take Geometry. Advanced courses (such as Geometry and Algebra 2 in the US) are usually available to ninth graders who are prepared for a more rigorous curriculum, depending on the school district. Some districts across the country allow their 10th graders to take Trigonometry or AP Statistics, or even Calculus if the district provides, but most often, the highest level available to be taken as a 10th grader is Pre-Calculus.

In the English curriculum, most schools still have the same levels of basic courses, advanced courses, and honors courses. The basic level for a 9th grader is often listed as English 1 (may also be called English 9). This course will often teach the fundamentals of higher-level literature and how to analyze and respond to such literature. The advanced course is often English 2 (may also be called English 10) and is usually a genre studies type of English class, but it may instead be focused on one type of literature, such as American literature or British Literature. The honors level for 9th grade is usually English 3 (may also be called English 11) and is usually focused on one type of literature (i.e. American Literature, British Literature), but if this was already covered it previous classes, it may be a genre study English course. Although rare, a district or school may allow a student to take AP Literature their 9th grade year.

In the social studies curriculum, there is a variety of different courses that may be offered. Most often, though, the course is either a Geography class, a Government class or a World History class.

In the science curriculum, ninth grade students are required, in most areas, to take Earth Science, Physical Science, or Biology. As far as the level of course, Earth Science is usually taken by the basic student, Physical Science for the advanced student, and Biology for the honors student. The honors student will most likely have already completed Physical Science as it is quite frequently a pre-requisite for most other lab sciences available at the high school level, and is often a requirement for graduation. Depending on the district, Chemistry may also be available as a 9th grader.

Most high school students are required to have one carnegie unit of Computer Science and one unit of Physical Education in order to graduate[citation needed]. These students are usually offered foreign language this year. This is most often the first introduction of foreign language to the students, but some schools may offer it earlier, such as during middle school.

See also


Preceded by
Eighth grade
Ninth Grade
age 14–15
Succeeded by
Tenth grade