Race and crime
|Genetics and differences|
Race is one of the correlates of crime receiving attention in academic studies, government surveys, media coverage, and public concern. Because of the inconsistent definition of "race" across countries, it is difficult to compare the situation internationally. Race being a complex superposition of societal and biological factors, a given correlation of race and crime can not immediately be correlated to either environmental or genetic factors, leaving wide room for interpretation and both scholarly and political controversy.
- More specific situations
- Race and crime in the United States
- Race and crime in the United Kingdom
- Indigenous Australians and crime
UNITED STATES of America, Plaintiff, v. Edward James CLARY, Defendant
Edward Clary was an African American man who was arrested for possession with intent to distribute 67.76 grams of cocaine base. Clary was 18 years old during that time, and a first time offender. He pled guilty to possession with intent to distribute crack cocaine and therefore sentenced to a minimum of 10 years in federal prison. However, Clary’s lawyers argued that the law is irrational and it is deliberate as to discriminate against African Americans, since approximately 93 percent of crack offenders were black. The argument continues, providing longer sentences for possession of crack cocaine than for the identical amount of powder cocaine.
- Racial profiling
- Institutional racism#In criminal conviction
- Juvenile delinquency#Racial differences
- Hate crime
- Genetic correlates of criminal behavior
- Criminal Justice Act 1991 – Section 95. legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 27 September 2010.
- Marsh and Melville, p. 166.
- Criminal Justice Act 1991 – Section 95. Home Office. Retrieved 27 September 2010. Archived by the Internet Archive on 9 June 2007.
- Templer, D. I. Richard Lynn and the evolution of conscientiousness. Personality and Individual Differences (2011)
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