Robert Machray

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The Most Reverend
Robert Machray
Bishop of Rupert's Land
Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada
Archbishop Macray.jpg
Church Anglican Church of Canada
See Rupert's Land
In office 1865-1904
Predecessor David Anderson as Bishop
Successor as bishop: Samuel Pritchard Matheson
as Primate: William Bond
Ordination 1855
Personal details
Born 17 May 1831
Died 9 March 1904

Robert Machray (May 17, 1831 – March 9, 1904) was an Anglican bishop and missionary and the first Primate of the Church of England in Canada (now called the Anglican Church of Canada).


He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland. He was the son of Robert Machray, and wife Christian Macallum.[1]

Machray was educated at King's College, University of Aberdeen and Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge,[2] where he studied mathematics, philosophy and theology.

He was ordained in the Church of England in 1855 and served parishes in that country, as well as serving as dean of his alma mater at Cambridge. In 1865, he became Bishop of Rupert's Land (in Canada), becoming archbishop of the province when his diocese was split in 1875. At the first General Synod of Canadian Anglicans in 1893 he was unanimously elected as the first Primate of All Canada, serving in the position until his death. In 1893, he was appointed a Prelate of the Order of St Michael and St George. On 9 March 1904, he died unmarried at Winnipeg.[1]

He is honoured in the Calendar of Saints of the Anglican Church of Canada with a feast day on March 10.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Edgar 1912.
  2. "Machray, Robert (MCRY851R)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


External links

Anglican Communion titles
Preceded by
David Anderson
Metropolitan of the Ecclesiastical Province of Rupert's Land
Succeeded by
Samuel Pritchard Matheson
Preceded by
First Primate of Anglican Church of Canada
Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada
Succeeded by
William B. Bond