Swimming at the 1904 Summer Olympics

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Swimming at the
1904 Summer Olympics
Sample picture of the event (unofficial)
50 yard   men  
100 yard men
220 yard men
440 yard men
880 yard men
1 mile men
100 yard men
440 yard men
Freestyle relay
4×50 yard men

At the 1904 Summer Olympics, nine swimming events were contested, all for men. The 1904 swimming competition was the only time in Olympic history that racing distances were measured in yards. The competition was held September 4–6, 1904. There was a total of 32 participants from 5 countries competing.

The short sprint, at 50 yards (46 m), made its first Olympic appearance in 1904. The 100 returned after not being contested in 1900. The 1000 metres and 4000 metres were replaced with the much shorter 440 yards (400 m) and 1-mile (1,600 m) events, making the 200 the only freestyle event to be held for the second time in a row.

The 200 metre backstroke was shortened to 100 yards (91 m) and the team swimming event was replaced with a 4×50 yard freestyle relay. The obstacle course and underwater swimming events were eliminated, while breaststroke made its Olympic debut.

Medal table

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Germany (GER) 4 2 2 8
2  United States (USA) 3 6 5 14
3  Hungary (HUN) 2 1 1 4
4  Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
Total 9 9 9 27

Medal summary

Event Gold Silver Bronze
50 yard freestyle
 Zoltán Halmay (HUN)  Scott Leary (USA)  Charles Daniels (USA)
100 yard freestyle
 Zoltán Halmay (HUN)  Charles Daniels (USA)  Scott Leary (USA)
220 yard freestyle
 Charles Daniels (USA)  Francis Gailey (USA)[1]  Emil Rausch (GER)
440 yard freestyle
 Charles Daniels (USA)  Francis Gailey (USA)[1]  Otto Wahle (AUT)
880 yard freestyle
 Emil Rausch (GER)  Francis Gailey (USA)[1]  Géza Kiss (HUN)
1 mile freestyle
 Emil Rausch (GER)  Géza Kiss (HUN)  Francis Gailey (USA)[1]
100 yard backstroke
 Walter Brack (GER)  Georg Hoffmann (GER)  Georg Zacharias (GER)
440 yard breaststroke
 Georg Zacharias (GER)  Walter Brack (GER)  Jam Handy (USA)
4×50 yard freestyle relay
 United States (USA)
New York Athletic Club
Joe Ruddy
Leo Goodwin
Louis Handley
Charles Daniels
 United States (USA)
Chicago Athletic Association
David Hammond
Bill Tuttle
Hugo Goetz
Raymond Thorne
 United States (USA)
Missouri Athletic Club
Amedee Reyburn
Gwynne Evans
Marquard Schwarz
Bill Orthwein

Participating nations

32 swimmers from 4 nations competed.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Francis Gailey was originally assumed to be American, before it was discovered that his nationality was Australian. The International Olympic Committee still credits this medal for the United States, however.
  • "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2008-03-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mallon, Bill (February 1999). The 1904 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, With Commentary. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0550-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • (ed.) James E. Sullivan. Spalding's Athletic Almanac for 1905 (PDF). New York: American Sports Publishing. pp. 229–231. Retrieved 2008-03-19. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • De Wael, Herman (2002-01-11). "Swimming 1904". Herman's Full Olympians. Retrieved 2008-03-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>