Syllabic phonics

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Syllabic Phonics teaches phonics using syllables as a starting point. The list of syllables is called a syllabary. The syllabary usually excludes syllable letter combinations that are not found in words of that language. Syllabic phonics were historically taught on wax tablets, then with a hornbook, then a battledore, then with spelling books.

History of syllabic phonics

The teaching of reading with syllables has been around since at least 95 AD, when Quintilian spoke of their use in the teaching of reading. Quintilian mentions the teaching of syllables in his Institutes of Oratory, Institutio Oratoria, and advises teachers to make haste slowly:

According to Geraldine Rodgers,

While the method may have remained the same, changing technology led to a change in the method in which the syllables were taught. At first, syllables were taught on wax tablets, then a hornbook, then a battledore, then spelling books (spellers) that started with a syllabary. Noah Webster defined "spelling-book" as "A book for teaching children to spell and read" in his 1828 Dictionary. [3]

Geraldine Rodgers believes that Noah Webster's speller, The American Spelling Book, was the first use of Synthetic Phonics, which she calls "Pascal phonics," and said:

Prior spellers such as Dilworth's used analytic phonics.

The syllable method was also called the "Alphabet method," and according to E. Jennifer Monaghan, it "reigned supreme" from 1640 - 1840. [6]

Examples of currently available syllabic phonics programs

English

Noah Webster's Blue-Backed Speller, or American Spelling Book, has two editions in print today--a copy of the first edition of 1783, and a copy of an 1831 edition of The American Spelling Book.[7]

It is also being used to teach reading and spelling today by homeschooling families. [8] Homeschoolers generally use a version by Don Potter, either a PDF version of the 1908 Speller available at his website[9] or the print version of his reformatted PDF titled Noah Webster's Spelling Book Method for Teaching Reading and Spelling. [10]

1879 McGuffey Speller reprint. [11]

French

French syllabic phonics are referred to as "method syllaqbique" or "methods de lecture syllabique (alphabetique)"

Manual de Lecture [12]

La bonne méthode de lecture [13]

A list of other French syllabic phonics programs is available at lire ecrire. [14]

German

In German, syllabic phonics are referred to as "Silbenmethode."

ABC der Tiere by Mildenerger [15]

Russian

This book does not start with a syllabary, but instead a portion of the syllabary on each page followed by words and sentences made from those syllables.

Bukvar' by Zhukov N. [16]

The syllables for teaching Russian are also available as cubes designed by Nikolai Zaitsev, similar to alphabet blocks but with syllables instead of letters. [17]

Spanish

This book does not start with a syllabary, but instead a portion of the syllabary on each page followed by words and sentences made from those syllables.

La Pata Pita by Hilda Perera [18]

Examples of historic syllabic phonics programs

English

Dilworth's Spelling-book[19]

Webster's American Spelling Book[20]

McGuffey's Eclectic Spelling Book[21]

French

Petit Cadeau Destine Aux Enfans, ou Nouvel ABC Francais by L'Abbe Mozin, 1831 [22]

German

ABC und Lesebuch fur die katholische Schuljugend in Rheinbaiern by Ritter, 1827 [23]

Spanish

Cartilla filologica espanola: Primer libro de lecture by Francisco Ferrer Guardia, Barcelona, 1908 [24]

Abecedario ilustrado: Libro primero de lectura escrito con un metodo especial by Lorenzo Campano, Mexico, 1881 [25]

Libro primero para uso de los ninos by Enrique Mandevil, Barcelona, 1892 [26]

Libro segundo by Enrique Mandevil, New York, 1880 [27]

See also

  1. Quintilian. "Institutes of Oratory, Chapter 1". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  2. Geraldine Rogers (June 10, 2004). "Why Noah Webster's Way was the right way" (PDF). Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  3. "Online entry from Webster's 1828 Dictionary". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  4. Geraldine Rogers (June 10, 2004). "Why Noah Webster's Way was the right way" (PDF). Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  5. Rodgers, Geraldine (2001). The History of Beginning Reading: From Teaching by Sound to Teaching by Meaning, Vol. 1. p. 297. ISBN 978-1588209726. 
  6. Monaghan, Jennifer. "The Alphabet Method Reigns Supreme". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  7. Monaghan, Jennifer (1983). A common Heritage: Noah Webster's Blue-Back Speller. Archon Books. p. 11. ISBN 978-0208019080. 
  8. "Homeschool use of Webster's Speller". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  9. "Dan Potter version of Webster's Speller" (PDF). Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  10. "Noah Webster's Spelling Book Method for Teaching Reading and Spelling". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  11. "McGuffey Speller available at Amazon". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  12. "Manual de lecture, available from La Librairie des Ecoles". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  13. "La bonne méthode de lecture, available from Amazon". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  14. "Syllabic phonics program list from Lire Ecrire". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  15. "ABC der Tiere online". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  16. "Bukvar' at Amazon". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  17. "Teaching with Zaitsev cubes at info advisor". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  18. "La Pata Pita, available from Amazon". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  19. Thomas Dilworth. "Dilworth's spelling-book, improved : a new guide to the English tongue ... 1796 Edition". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  20. Noah Webster. "The American Spelling Book by Noah Webster (1800?)". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  21. Alexander Hamilton McGuffey. "McGuffey's Eclectic Spelling Book (1865?)". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  22. "Novel ABC Francais at Google Books". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  23. "ABC und Lesebuch at Google Books". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  24. "Primer libra de lecture online at Google Books". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  25. "Abecedarian Ilustrado at Google Books". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  26. "Libro Primero at Google Books". Retrieved February 3, 2017. 
  27. "Libro Segundo at Google Books". Retrieved February 3, 2017.