Template:Multiple image

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This template creates a box with two to ten images arranged vertically or horizontally with captions for the entire box and/or for each images.

With the appropriate choice of parameters, the template can automatically resize images to a given total width with each image having the same height.

Syntax and parameters

No automatic resizing of all images to the same height
{{multiple image|caption_align=center
<!-- Essential parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!-- Images -->
 | width             = <!-- displayed width of each image in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix); overrides "width[n]"s below -->
<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width1            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width2            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Automatic resizing of all images to the same height and to a given total width
{{multiple image|caption_align=center
<!-- Essential parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!-- Images -->
 | total_width       = <!-- total width of all the displayed images in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix) -->
<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width1            = <!-- full width of the ORIGINAL UNSCALED image -->
 | height1           = <!-- full height of the ORIGINAL UNSCALED image -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width2            = <!-- full width of the ORIGINAL UNSCALED image -->
 | height2           = <!-- full height of the ORIGINAL UNSCALED image -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Parameter Description
align right (default), left, center
direction horizontal (default), vertical
background color To set the background color of the box in which the images appear.
header_background
header_align center (default), left, right
header
width Use to set the same width for each image (i.e. overrides any width[n] below). Do not include if different image widths intended, including if images are to be resized to a fixed total width.
total_width Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both total_width and width.
image[n] (where [n] = 1 to 10)  Filename of [n]th image.
width[n] (as above)  Two meanings: (1) The width (in pixels, integer, omit "px") of [n]th image. Overridden by width (if set). (2) The full width of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width.
height[n] (as above)  The full height of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width. Ignored otherwise.
alt[n] (as above)  Alt description for [n]th image.
link[n] (as above)  To specify the page to which the [n]th image is linked (i.e. the page that is loaded when the image is clicked). If set as empty (e.g. ...|alt1=... |link1= |caption1=...), linking is disabled (even to the standard Wikipedia image description page); consider WP:ALT.
Note: This parameter must not be used with images that have been given free licenses (such as the GDFL or a free CC license) as these licenses require images to be linked to a declaration of the license under which they are being used.
caption[n] (as above)  Caption for the [n]th image.
caption_align left (default), center, right
footer_background
footer_align left (default), center, right
footer Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images.

Examples

Yellow cartouche
Red cartouche
Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
{{multiple image|caption_align=center|header_align=center
 | width = 60
 | image1 = Yellow card.svg
 | alt1 = Yellow cartouche
 | image2 = Red card.svg
 | alt2 = Red cartouche
 | footer = Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
}}
PNG transparency demonstration
Colored dice with white background
A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
...here overlaying a checkered background.
{{multiple image|caption_align=center|header_align=center
 | align = left
 | direction = vertical
 | width = 200
 | header = [[Portable Network Graphics|PNG]] transparency demonstration
 | image1 = PNG transparency demonstration 1.png
 | alt1 = Colored dice with white background
 | caption1 = A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
 | image2 = PNG transparency demonstration 2.png
 | alt2 = Colored dice with checkered background
 | caption2  = ...here overlaying a checkered background.
}}
When a user has many of one type of barnstar, they can represent them with ribbons and these numerals to indicate the count.
{{multiple image|caption_align=center|header_align=center
 | width = 60
 | image1=Ribbon numeral 2.png | alt1=2
 | image2=Ribbon numeral 3.png | alt2=3
 | image3=Ribbon numeral 4.png | alt3=4
 | footer = When a user has many of one type of [[WP:BARN|barnstar]], they can represent them with [[WP:RIBBON|ribbons]] and these numerals to indicate the count.
}}

with background color

Adoxa (Adoxa moschatellina)
{{multiple image|caption_align=center|header_align=center
 | background color = #BBDD99
 | width = 160
 | image1 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406.jpg
 | alt1 = Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
 | image2 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406a.jpg
 | alt2 = Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
 | image3 = adoxa_moschatellina_blatt.jpeg
 | alt3 = Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
 | footer_background = #BBDD99
 | footer_align = center
 | footer = [[Adoxa]] (''Adoxa moschatellina'')
}}

with links (link[n])

A mule
A mule
(骡子 luózi)
A donkey
A donkey
(驴子 lǘzi)
A trout
A fish
( )
The image of the mule links to Mule; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a standard image description page.
{{multiple image|caption_align=center|header_align=center
 | align = left

 | image1 = Frecklesmule.jpg
 | width1 = 143
 | alt1 = A mule
 | link1 = Mule
 | caption1 = A mule<br />(骡子 ''luózi'')

 | image2 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | width2 = 150
 | alt2 = A donkey
 | link2 = 
 | caption2  = A donkey<br />(驴子 ''lǘzi'')</center>

 | image3 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width3 = 91
 | alt3 = A trout
 | caption3  = A fish<br />({{lang|zh|2=鱼}} '''')</center>

 | footer = The image of the mule links to [[Mule]]; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a [[Image description page|standard image description page]].
}}

using direction

By default, the images the template presents are displayed horizontally, as a row (see left; equivalent to setting |direction=horizontal). To display them vertically, i.e. as a column, set |direction=vertical (see right).

(horizontal)
(vertical)

to match image heights

Note: The following is unnecessary if all the images presented by the template have the same aspect ratio; if so, simply set width accordingly.
  • Decide on a total width for all the images, say 320px
  • Examine the individual image pages to obtain the full resolution. For example:
  • Specify the full width and height for each image, of the form:
    • |width1= |height1= |width2= |height2=
  • Set the total width using |total_width=
A donkey
Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.
A trout
Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.
Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
{{multiple image|caption_align=center|header_align=center
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | width1 = 750 | height1 = 536
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width2 = 300 | height2 = 300
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.

 | footer = Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
}}

Multiple rows

To create an array of images, with multiple rows, use |perrow=. The value passed to |perrow= may be a single number, or a list of numbers delimited by /. This feature may also be combined with |total_width= for multiple rows of images with the same total width.

Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, RTK GPS Base station.
{{multiple image|perrow = 2|total_width=300
| image1 = Kern_Theodolit_DKM2-A.jpg  |width1=319|height1=425
| image2 = Total-Robotic-Station.jpg  |width2=1728|height2=3072
| image3 = DumpyLevel.jpg  |width3=1600|height3=1200
| image4 = GPS_Survey_Equipment_at_Weir_Dyke_Bridge_-_geograph.org.uk_-_336908.jpg|width4=427|height4=640
| footer = Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, [[Real-time kinematic | RTK]] GPS Base station.
}}

TemplateData

This is the TemplateData documentation for this template used by VisualEditor and other tools.

See the monthly error report for this template.

TemplateData for Multiple image

Syntax error in JSON.

See also