1954 in science

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List of years in science (table)

The year 1954 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.


  • November 30 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, an 8.5 pound sulfide meteorite crashes through a roof and hits Mrs. Elizabeth Hodges in her living room after bouncing off her radio, giving her a bad bruise; the first known modern case of a human being hit by a space rock.



Computer science


History of science











  1. Dement'yev and Rustamov (1985). The Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. Ashgabat: Turkmenistan Publishing House. 
  2. Arnon, Daniel I.; Allen, Mary B.; Whatley, F. R. (1954). "Photosynthesis by Isolated Chloroplasts" (PDF). Nature. 174 (4426): 394–6. Bibcode:1954Natur.174..394A. doi:10.1038/174394a0. 
  3. Laurence, William L. (December 30, 1954). "Sun is Harnessed to Create Food: Science Team on the Coast Duplicates Photosynthesis Outside Plants' Cells". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2010. 
  4. de Waal, Frans B. M., ed. (2002). Tree of Origin: What Primate Behavior Can Tell Us About Human Social Evolution. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. p. 51. ISBN 0-674-00460-4. 
  5. Brink, Clara; Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot; Lindsey, June; Pickworth, Jenny; Robertson, John H.; White, John G. (December 25, 1954). "X-ray Crystallographic Evidence on the Structure of Vitamin B12" (PDF). Nature. 174 (4443): 1169–117. Bibcode:1954Natur.174.1169B. PMID 13223773. doi:10.1038/1741169a0. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  6. Glusker, Jenny P. (1994). "Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910–1994)" (PDF). Protein Science. 3: 2465–2469. PMC 2142778Freely accessible. PMID 7757003. doi:10.1002/pro.5560031233. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  7. "Benstonite". Mindat. Retrieved 2012-12-31. 
  8. "Donor Of First Successful Organ Transplant Dies 56 Years Later". The Huffington Post. December 29, 2010. Retrieved March 15, 2011. 
  9. Stämpfli, R. (1954). "A new method for measuring membrane potentials with external electrodes". Experientia. 10 (12): 508–509. PMID 14353097. doi:10.1007/BF02166189. 
  10. Akert, K. (August 1996). Swiss Contributions to the Neurosciences in Four Hundred Years: From the Renaissance to the Present. Verlag der Fachvereine Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zurich. ISBN 978-3728123626. 
  11. Hopkins, H. H.; Kapany, N. S. (1954). "A flexible fibrescope, using static scanning". Nature. 173 (4392): 39. Bibcode:1954Natur.173...39H. doi:10.1038/173039b0. 
  12. "1954: foundations for European science". CERN. 2008. Retrieved February 28, 2011. 
  13. "Nuclear Power in Russia". World Nuclear Association. December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  14. U.S. patent 2,682,235
  15. "Sir William Hamilton OBE". HamiltonJet. 2007. Retrieved 2012-11-12. 
  16. "Sixty years of the Federal Republic of Germany – a retrospective of everyday life". Retrieved 2002-12-28. [dead link]