Banderas monumentales

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With a pole height of 100.6 and a flag measuring 50 by 28.6 meters Monterrey's bandera monumental is the tallest in Mexico.
A Bandera monumental about to be raised in El Zócalo, México City

The banderas monumentales (Spanish for "monumental flags") are a collection of tall flagpoles containing large flags of Mexico located throughout Mexico. They are part of a program started in 1999 under President Ernesto Zedillo that is currently administered by the Secretariat of National Defense (Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional). The main feature of these monuments (though not the biggest, see below) is a giant Mexican flag flying off a 50-meter-high flagpole. The size of the flag was 14.3 by 25 meters and it was flown on a pole that measured 50 meters high. In the time after the decree was issued, many more banderas monumentales have been installed throughout the country in various sizes. Many of the locations were chosen due to significant events in Mexican history that occurred there.

The 1999 decree

On 1 July 1999, President Zedillo officially started the flag program by issuing a decree that was published in the government register Official Journal of the Federation. While the formation of the flag project was one aspect of the decree, the overall aims of the law were to promote the flag, the Coat of Arms and the national anthem to instill a sense of patriotism into the Mexican population. Zedillo also used the timeframe of 1995 until 2000 to promote Mexican culture and history. Finally, this decree allowed the governors of each state to display more conspicuously the national symbols (Símbolos Patrios) throughout their state.

The flag program

The deployment of banderas monumentales was outlined by Zedillo in a two-point program. The first point consisited on selecting the location for the monumental flags, of which the first were:

The first two deployments were in México City, Mexico's capital. The next two were in Tijuana and Ciudad Juárez, along the northern border with the United States. Veracruz is Mexico's main seaport in the Gulf of Mexico. Finally, Iguala was where the flag of the Three Guarantees (Bandera de las Tres Garantías) recognized as Mexico's first flag, was created.

The second point in the program accounted for the creation of a standard size for the flags and the poles they would be raised on. Zedillo's official decree stated that the flag sizes will be 14.3 meters in height by 25 meters in width. The flag size is close to the 4:7 ratio as stated in Article 3 of the Law on the National Coat of Arms, Flag and Anthem (Ley sobre el Escudo, la Bandera y el Himno Nacionales). The flagpoles were to have a height of 50 meters.

There have been smaller flags called banderas semi-monumentales installed for schools, smaller communities and other locations where logistics complicate the flying a giant flag. The flags are greatly smaller than its those outlined in the 1999 decree, but have the advantages that are cheaper and easier to take down than the monumental flags. Monumental flags are costly to construct and require a group of nearly twenty people to raise and lower them.

Biggest flags

The biggest monumental flag in Mexico is the one located in Monterrey (northeast) with a pole height of 100.6 meters and a flag measuring 50 by 28.6 meters, built to quadruple the size of the other monumental flags. It is located at the top of the Cerro del Obispado (Bishopric Hill) at an altitude of 775 meters above sea level and it weighs 230 kilograms. It was inaugurated on the Día de la Bandera (Flag Day), 24 February 2005. Another flag with similar proportions is located in the city of Dolores Hidalgo, Guanajuato, the Cradle of Mexican Independence. This one was inaugurated on 15 September 2000 and it is at an altitude of 2000 meters above the sea level, on a very small military base.

Current locations

Since the construction of the first monumental flags other cities throughout the country have also deployed their own. They are mostly located in state capitals, historical towns and cities with important economic activity.

The Tijuana, Ciudad Juárez and Nuevo Laredo flags overlook the United States border and can be clearly seen from the U. S. side.



External links