Christian Patriot movement

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For the eponymous American political organization springing from the United Christian Party in 1912, see United Christian Party (United States).

The Christian Patriot movement is a radical and extremist movement of American political commentators and activists. They promote various interpretations of history based on their belief that the federal government has turned against the ideas of liberty and natural rights behind the American Revolution, and against what they believe to be America's Christian heritage.

Ideology

The movement originally referred to the late 1980s' Posse Comitatus group, a militant far right organization. Posse Comitatus followed an ideology based on the teachings of cult Posse founder and Christian Identity minister William P. Gale, and the majority do follow Identity's white supremacist[1][2] views.[citation needed] This ideology holds that state and federal governments are agents of an arcane conspiracy to deprive Americans of their rights as "sovereign citizens." It also holds that this conspiracy can be undermined through various legal pleadings from English common law and other sources, such as a motion protesting the way a defendant's name is typeset in a legal complaint.[3] The ideology persists despite numerous court rulings that have declared its theories frivolous.[4]

Status

The movement grew during the 1990s after the Ruby Ridge incident and the Waco Siege appeared to confirm the suspicions of Christian Patriots.[5] The movement maintained ties with the militia movement of the same period. A highly publicized federal confrontation with Christian Patriots occurred in 1996, when Federal marshals arrested the Montana Freemen.[3] After 2000, the original movement became defunct and the term Christian Patriot was increasingly adopted by conservative Christians identifying themselves as patriots.[citation needed]

The Southern Poverty Law Center in 2009 said that militia groups may be experiencing a "Patriot revival."[6]

See also

References

  1. Eck, Diane (2001). A New Religious America: How a "Christian Country" has become the world’s most religiously diverse nation. New York:: HarperCollins Publishers. p. 347.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Buck, Christopher (2009). Religious Myths and Visions of America: How Minority Faiths Redefined America's World Role. Praeger. p. 107, 108, 213. ISBN 978-0313359590.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 Carey, Kevin (July 2008). "Too Weird for The Wire". Washington Monthly. Retrieved 2008-07-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Sussman, Bernard J. Idiot Legal Arguments: A Casebook for Dealing with Extremist Legal Arguments. Militia Watchdog Archives. Anti-Defamation League. Retrieved 2007-09-13.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Anti-Defamation League, The Militia Movement
  6. Keller, Larry (August 2009). "The Second Wave: Return of the Militias". A Special Report from the Southern Poverty Law Center. Montgomery, Alabama: 5–10. Retrieved September 12, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

  • Aho, James (1995). The Politics of Righteousness: Idaho Christian Patriotism.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Durham, Martin (2000). The Christian Right, the Far Right and the Boundaries of American Conservatism.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  • Kushner, Harvey W (1998). The Future of Terrorism: Violence in the New Millennium.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Martin, Gus (2006). Understanding Terrorism: Challenges, Perspectives, and Issues.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Niewert, David A (1999). In God's Country: The Patriot Movement and the Pacific Northwest. Pullmam, Wash.: Washington State Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0-87422-175-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Schlatter, Evelyn A (2006). Aryan Cowboys: White Supremacists and the Search for a New Frontier, 1970-2000.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • de Armond, Paul (1996). "Christian Patriots At War with the State".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>