Sir Edward Hulton, 1st Baronet

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For his father, the newspaper proprietor born in 1838, see Edward Hulton (senior). For his son, the magazine publisher born in 1906, see Edward George Warris Hulton.
Sir Edward Hulton
Born (1869-03-03)3 March 1869
Hulme, Manchester, England
Died 23 May 1925(1925-05-23) (aged 56)
Downside, Surrey, England
Resting place Putney Vale Cemetery, London
51°26′26″N 0°14′21″W / 51.440522°N 0.239189°W / 51.440522; -0.239189
Nationality British
Occupation Newspaper proprietor
Spouse(s) Agnes Moir Wood (m. 1900)
Millicent Warris (m. 1916)
Children 2
Relatives Edward Hulton (father)
Margaret, Lady Strickland (sister)
Sir Edward George Warris Hulton (son)
Sir Jocelyn Stevens (grandson)
File:Manchester Printworks Interior 1306.JPG
Evening Chronicle signage inside The Printworks developed on the former Manchester site of Edward Hulton and Co.

Sir Edward Hulton, 1st Baronet (3 March 1869 – 23 May 1925) was a British newspaper proprietor and thoroughbred racehorse owner.[1] In 1921 he was awarded a baronetcy, of Downside in the parish of Leatherhead in Surrey, for public services during the First World War,[2][3][4] which became extinct on his death in 1925.[1]

Early life

Hulton was born on 3 March 1869 in Hulme, Manchester.[1][5] He was the second son of Edward Hulton (1838–1904), a Manchester newspaper publisher,[6] and his wife Mary (née Mosley).[1][7] He was raised as a Roman Catholic in the Manchester district of Whalley Range and was educated at the St Bede's Commercial College from 1878 to 1885.[1]

Newspapers

Hulton's father had founded the Sporting Chronicle in 1871, the Athletic News in 1875 and the Sunday Chronicle in 1885.[6] Hulton subsequently founded the Manchester Evening Chronicle in 1897 (renamed Evening Chronicle in 1914),[8] the Daily Dispatch in 1900 and the Daily Sketch tabloid in 1909.[1] Edward Hulton and Co., of London and Manchester, a private company of proprietors, printers and publishers which owned a large group of newspapers was sold for £6 million when Hulton retired due to illness in 1923. The newspapers sold, which were subsequently controlled by Lord Beaverbrook and Lord Rothermere, included: Sporting Chronicle,[9] Athletic News,[10]Sunday Chronicle, Empire News, Evening Standard,[11] Daily Sketch, Sunday Herald, Daily Dispatch and Evening Chronicle.[1][12][13][14] Most of these newspapers were sold again soon afterwards, to the Allied Newspapers consortium formed in 1924 (renamed Kemsley Newspapers in 1943 and bought by Roy Thomson in 1959).[15][16][17]

The newspapers Hulton founded have since merged with other newspapers. In 1955 the Daily Dispatch merged with the News Chronicle, which was subsequently absorbed into the Daily Mail in 1960.[18] The Evening Chronicle merged with the Manchester Evening News in 1963.[8][19] The Daily Sketch merged with the Daily Mail in 1971.[20]

Sport

Hulton owned a successful thoroughbred horse racing stable. With Richard Dawson training his horses, he was the British flat racing Champion Owner in 1916. That year his wins included the filly Fifinella capturing the Epsom Oaks and the Epsom Derby double. His horses Roseway and Straitlace won the 1919 1,000 Guineas and the 1924 Epsom Oaks respectively. He also registered his racing colours under the pseudonym "Mr. Lytham".[1][21][22]

Hulton was also the chairman of Manchester City F.C. in the early 1900s.[23]

Marriage and children

Hulton was first married to Agnes Moir Turnbull (née Wood) in 1900.[24] Before they were married in 1916,[25] he had a son and a daughter by his second wife,[2] Millicent Warris (1869–1940).[1][26] Warris was a music hall artist, née Fanny Elizabeth Warriss, also known by the stage name Millie Lindon, and a cousin of the Rudge Sisters.[27][28][29]

Edward's son, Sir Edward George Warris Hulton (1906–1988), published magazines including Picture Post and Lilliput, and was a member of the 1941 Committee. As Edward George Warris was born before his parents were married, he did not inherit the Hulton baronetcy which became extinct on his father's death in 1925. Edward George Warris had two sons and a daughter by his second wife Princess Nika Yourievitch.[1][26] Edward's daughter, Betty Stevens (née Hulton) (1909–1932),[30][31][32] died at the age of 22 following the birth of her son, Sir Jocelyn Stevens.[26][33][34][35]

Death

Hulton died on 23 May 1925 at the age of 56 after a prolonged illness in Downside, and is buried in Putney Vale Cemetery in southwest London.[1][36][37] The net value of his estate was £2,222,471. He bequeathed £5,000 to the Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Peter, Leatherhead, for which he previously helped finance a new church building completed in 1923.[38][39]

References

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 Porter, Dilwyn. "Hulton, Sir Edward, baronet (1869–1925), newspaper proprietor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34048. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Sir E. Hulton, Noted Publisher, is Dead". The Montreal Gazette. 25 May 1925. Retrieved 31 August 2013. His immediate family ... consisted of Lady Hulton and two children, Teddy, 16 and Betty, 15. A baronetcy was awarded to him in 1919 in the list of war honors given by Lloyd George. 
  3. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31316. p. 5420. 29 April 1919.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 32558. p. 10486. 23 December 1921.
  5. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 24 August 2013. Births Mar 1869 – Surname: Hulton, Given Name: Edward, District: Chorlton, Volume: 8c, Page: 745 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Tate, Steve (2009). "Hulton, Edward (1838–1904)". In Brake, Laurel; Demoor, Marysa. Dictionary of Nineteenth-Century Journalism in Great Britain and Ireland. Gent: Academia Press. p. 296. ISBN 978-90-382-1340-8. 
  7. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 26 August 2013. Marriages Jun 1859 – Surname: Hulton/Mosley, Given Name: Edward/Mary, District: Manchester, Volume: 8d, Page: 662 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Shattock, Joanne, ed. (1999). The Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 2899. ISBN 978-0-521-39100-9. 
  9. Huggins, Mike; Williams, Jack (2005). Sport and the English, 1918–1939: Between the Wars. Taylor & Francis. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-203-39802-9. In the north the Sporting Chronicle (founded 1871) was the leading racing daily. In 1924 it was acquired from its founder Sir Edward Hulton by the press barons Northcliffe and Beaverbrook. 
  10. Tate, Stephen (2007). The professionalisation of sports journalism, c. 1850 to 1939, with particular reference to the career of James Catton (PDF) (Ph.D.). University of Central Lancashire. p. 321. The Athletic News had only recently changed hands, twice, in fact, in the space of a matter of months as a makeweight in a complex deal in the autumn of 1923 involving Lord Beaverbrook, Lord Rothermere, and the Berry brothers. The severing of the Hulton family ties, extending in Catton's case to more than 30 years, heralded a period of change and can only have served to further weaken any resolve on his part to extend his career in Manchester. 
  11. Brook, Stephen (14 January 2009). "A history of the London Evening Standard: seeing off rivals for 181 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 August 2013. 
  12. British and Colonial Printer and Stationer: And Newspaper Press, Volumes 96-97. W. J. Stonhill. 1925. pp. 92,464. Sir Edward Hulton, who died on Saturday at his residence near Leatherhead, at the age of 56, was till about 18 months ago the owner of a large group of newspapers, being the founder of the business of Edward Hulton and Co.. 
  13. Gleanings and Memoranda, Volume 58. National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations. 1923. p. 589. Newspaper Changes: The Daily Mail announced, Oct. 13, that the Daily Mail Trust, Ltd., had acquired the business of Messrs. Edward Hulton and Co., Ltd., of London and Manchester, for £6 million. The papers taken over include: Evening Standard, Daily Sketch, Sunday Herald, Daily Dispatch, Evening Chronicle, Sunday Chronicle and Empire News. 
  14. "English Publishers Confirm Big Combine". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 13 October 1923. Retrieved 30 August 2013. London—(A. P.)—Recent reports that the Lord Rothermere and Lord Beaverbrook combine had acquired the Sir Edward Hulton newspaper interests, comprising the Evening Standard, the Daily Sketch, the Sunday Herald and several Manchester newspapers, are confirmed by an official announcement in the Daily Mail that the Daily Mail trust has bought the Hulton interests for £6,000,000. The announcement says Lord Beaverbrook will control the Evening Standard and that the Daily Mail trust will control all the other publications. 
  15. Viscount Camrose (1947). British Newspapers And Their Controllers. London: Cassel And Company Limited. 
  16. Smith, Adrian. "Berry, William Ewert, first Viscount Camrose (1879–1954), newspaper proprietor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30733. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  17. Smith, Adrian. "Berry, (James) Gomer, first Viscount Kemsley (1883–1968), newspaper proprietor". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/30731. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  18. Robins, Peter (21 August 2009). "The death of newspapers, part 1: 1910". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  19. "Manchester Evening Chronicle closing down". The Times. 26 July 1963. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  20. "11 May 1971: Britain's oldest tabloid closes". BBC. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  21. "Person Profile: Sir Edward Hulton". The National Horseracing Museum. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  22. "Life Stories of Famous Jockeys. Frank Wootton.". The Register (Adelaide, SA). 19 January 1924. Retrieved 30 August 2013. While the father [Richard Wootton], at Treadwell House, trained many fine horses for Sir E. Hulton (then racing as Mr. Lytham) 
  23. James, Gary (2008). Manchester – A Football History. Halifax: James Ward. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-9558127-0-5. 
  24. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 1 September 2013. Marriages Jun 1900 – Surname: Hulton/Wood/Turnbull, Given Name: Edward/Agnes Moir, District: Bedford, Volume: 3b, Page: 785 
  25. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 1 September 2013. Marriages Mar 1916 – Surname: Hulton/Warriss/Wallen, Given Name: Edward/Florence E, District: Marylebone, Volume: 1a, Page: 1418 
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 Seymour-Ure, Colin. "Hulton, Sir Edward George Warris (1906–1988), magazine publisher and writer". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/40161. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  27. Baker, Richard Anthony (25 October 2005). "Music hall of fame – Millie Lindon". The Stage.co.uk. Retrieved 26 August 2013. 
  28. "Research Interests – Graeme Cruickshank". The Society for Theatre Research. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  29. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 1 September 2013. Births Jun 1869 – Surname: Warriss, Given Name: Fanny Elizabeth, District: Kings Norton, Volume: 6c, Page: 388 
  30. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 26 August 2013. Births Jun 1909 – Surname: Hulton, Given Name: Mary Frances, District: Strand, Volume: 1b, Page: 540 
  31. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 26 August 2013. Marriages Jun 1931 – Surname: Hulton/Stevens, Given Name: Frances M/Charles G B, District: St. Martin, Volume: 1a, Page: 1214 
  32. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 26 August 2013. Deaths Mar 1932 – Surname: Stevens, Given Name: Frances M, Age: 22, District: Marylebone, Volume: 1a, Page: 776 
  33. Farndale, Nigel (24 October 1998). "A hard man to like". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 17 June 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013. When his mother, Betty, went into labour with him there were dangerous complications. The child lived but she died a few days later ... He had four children, two boys and two girls. One of them, Rupert, was disabled with palsy and died at the age of 22 in 1989. 
  34. Greenstreet, Rosanna (4 February 1996). "How We Met – Jocelyn Stevens and John Hedgecoe". The Independent. Retrieved 29 August 2013. Jocelyn's mother died a week after his birth and he inherited all this money. 
  35. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 26 August 2013. Births Jun 1932 – Surname: Stevens, Given Name: Jocelyn E G, Mother: Hulton, District: Marylebone, Volume: 1a, Page: 594 
  36. "FreeBMD – Search". Retrieved 24 August 2013. Deaths Jun 1925 – Surname: Hulton, Given Name: Edward, Age: 56, District: Epsom, Volume: 2a, Page: 76 
  37. Pearson, Lynn F. (2004). Discovering Famous Graves. Princes Risborough: Shire. p. 71. ISBN 978-0-7478-0619-6. In the popular Putney Vale Cemetery, Kingston Road, SW15, with its many monuments of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, are buried ... Sir Edward Hulton (1869–1925), the newspaper proprietor 
  38. "Wills – Sir Edward Hulton, Bart.". The Tablet. 11 July 1925. Retrieved 31 August 2013. Sir Edward Hulton, Bart., who died on May 23, left property valued at £2,222,471. Among his bequests he leaves £5,000 to the church of Our Lady and St. Peter, Leatherhead. 
  39. "History". Catholic Church of Our Lady and St Peter, Leatherhead. Retrieved 1 September 2013. 

Further reading

Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Downside)
1921–1925
Extinct