Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Bridges
KG GCB GCVO MC PC FRS
|File:Sir Edward Bridges in 1945.jpg|
|Preceded by||Sir Maurice Hankey|
|Succeeded by||Sir Norman Brook|
|Head of the Home Civil Service|
|Preceded by||Sir Horace Wilson|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Armstrong|
|Spouse(s)||Katharine, Lady Bridges (died in 1986)|
Bridges was born on 4 August 1892 in Yattendon in Berkshire. He was the son of Robert Bridges, later Poet Laureate, and Mary Monica Waterhouse, daughter of the architect Alfred Waterhouse. He was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford.
He later joined the Civil Service and in 1938 he was appointed Cabinet Secretary, succeeding Sir Maurice Hankey. Bridges remained in this post until 1946, when he was made Permanent Secretary to the Treasury and Head of the Home Civil Service, a position he held until 1956. He was invested a Privy Counsellor in 1953 and in 1957 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Bridges, of Headley in the County of Surrey and of Saint Nicholas at Wade in the County of Kent. In 1965 he was given the additional honour of being made a Knight of the Garter.
After his retirement Lord Bridges notably served as Chancellor of the University of Reading. Moreover, he was given honorary degrees from several universities and appointed a Fellow of the Royal Society. He also published The State and the Arts, Romanes Lecture for 1958, Oxford, and The Treasury (Oxford University Press, 1964).
Bridges married Katharine Dianthe Farrer, daughter of Thomas Cecil Farrer, 2nd Baron Farrer, on 6 June 1922. They had four children:
- Hon. Shirley Frances Bridges (b. 1924)
- Thomas Edward Bridges, 2nd Baron Bridges (b. 1927) (a diplomat)
- Hon. Robert Bridges (b. 1930) (an architect)
- Hon. Margaret Evelyn Bridges (1932-2014) (a medieval historian)
Lord Bridges died at Winterfold Heath, Surrey, on 27 August 1969, aged 77. He was succeeded in the barony by his eldest son Thomas, a prominent diplomat who notably served as British Ambassador to Italy from 1983 to 1987.
- Winnifrith, J. (1970). "Edward Ettingdean Bridges--Baron Bridges. 1892-1969". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 16: 36–26. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1970.0003.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Edward Bridges, 1st Baron Bridges|
Sir Maurice Hankey
Sir Norman Brook
Sir Horace Wilson
|Head of the Home Civil Service
Sir William Armstrong
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
Sir Samuel Hoare
|Chancellor of the University of Reading