German-Baltic Party

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The German-Baltic Party (Estonian: Saksa-Balti erakond; German: Deutsch-baltische Partei in Estland, DbPE) was a political party in Estonia representing the German minority.


The party was established on 27 November 1918 under the name German Party in Estonia (German: Deutsche Partei in Estland, Estonian: Saksa Erakond Eestimaal) in preparation for the Constituent Assembly elections the following April. Following the Estonian War of Independence, the party was renamed the German-Baltic Party.

The party won three seats in the elections in April 1919.[1] In the parliamentary elections in 1920 it won four seats, but was reduced to three seats in the 1923 elections and two seats in the 1926 elections.[2] For the 1929 elections the party formed the German-Swedish Bloc,[3] winning three seats.[2] This was continued for the 1932 elections, with the bloc again winning three seats.

List of MPs

Parliament Members Notes
1919–20 Max Bock Chairman
Hermann Koch
Johannes Meyer Replaced by Georg von Stackelberg on 27 January 1920
1920–1923 Max Bock Chairman
Hermann Koch
Walter Petzold
Georg von Stackelberg
1923–1926 Werner Hasselblatt Chairman
Carl von Schilling
Martin Christian Luther Replaced by Gerhard Kreß on 1 October 1923, replaced by Axel de Vries on 9 April 1924
1926–1929 Werner Hasselblatt Chairman
Carl von Schilling
1929–1932 Carl von Schilling Chairman
Werner Hasselblatt
Hans Pohl Swedish, replaced by Mathias Westerblom on 22 January 1930
1932–1934 Carl von Schilling Chairman
Hermann Koch
Mathias Westerblom Swedish


  1. Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p581 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nohlen & Stöver, p586
  3. Nohlen & Stöver, p579