Neot Kedumim

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Neot Kedumim landscape

Neot Kedumim, the Biblical Landscape Reserve in Israel (Hebrew: נאות קדומים‎ is a Biblical garden and nature preserve located near Modi'in, mid-way between Jerusalem and Tel Aviv, Israel.


Neot Kedumim means "pleasant pastures (or habitations) of old."[1]


Neot Kedumim is an attempt to re-create the physical setting of the Bible. The park covers an area of about 2,500 dunams (2.5 km2; 0.97 sq mi).[2] The idea of planting such a garden dates back to 1925. In 1964, land was allocated for the project with the help of Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion.[3]

Neot Kedumim comprises a series of natural and agricultural landscapes, among them the Forest of Milk and Honey, the Dale of the Song of Songs, Isaiah's Vineyard and the Fields of the Seven Species. Signs are posted throughout the garden quoting relevant Jewish texts in Hebrew and English.[4]

Neot Kedumim offers pre-booked organized tours but is also accessible to individuals who can roam the site on their own with maps provided by the park.[5]


When Ephraim and Hannah Hareuveni immigrated to Palestine in the 1920s, they dreamed of developing a biblical landscape reserve that "embodied the panorama and power of the landscapes that both shaped the values of the Bible and provided a rich vocabulary for expressing them". Their son, Noga, a physicist, dedicated his life to implementing his parents' dream. To build the park, thousands of tons of soil were trucked in, reservoirs were built to catch runoff rain water, ancient terraces, wine presses and ritual baths were restored, and hundreds of varieties of plants were cultivated.[5]

In 1994 Neot Kedumim and Noga Hareuveni, the driving spirit behind the garden, were awarded the Israel Prize for their special contribution to society and the State of Israel.[6]

Salvia and menorah

Plants in several species of the genus Salvia resemble the menorah.[7][8]<templatestyles src="Template:Blockquote/styles.css" />

A shrub called the moriah, which bears a striking resemblance to the menorah, particularly inspires Miss Frenkley. "In Exodus, Chapters 25 and 37," she says, "we get a very exact description of how the artisan Bezalel fashioned the first menorah, or seven-branched candelabram, for the Tabernacle in Sinai. We're told it was patterned with three knobbed branches on each side of the main stem, and with so many almond-shaped calyxes and flowers on each branch. Dr. Hareuveni's parents searched for the botanical prototype and identified it as this moriah, or Salvia palaestina. It's a member of the sage family, and its very fragrant oil was likely used in the Temple. In the Bible we're told that the burning of sweet incense always accompanied the lighting of the menorah."[9]

See also


  1.'s translation: (see "transliteration" of "naah" to "neot"). Grafted In Fellowship's translation: For Kedumim meaning ancient/antique: See also: affirming biblehub's above translation of neot, a search of the Hebrew Bible by, by inputting "נְאוֹת", shows it refers to a pleasant or productive "pasture" or sometimes, but less often "a habitation": and 'beautiful' instead of 'pleasant' is used both in & the Grafted In Fellowship link, above.
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  4. About Neot Kedumim, Orthodox Union,
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  7. The Kabbalah Coach: The Menorah and the Moriah, by Maida Silverman
  8. Menorahs growing wild, Irene Virag
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External links

  • Official website
  • Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'strict' not found. Note: see Aaronsohnia for a picture of Aaronsohnia factorovskyi, a species in the daisy family.

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