Palochka

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Cyrillic Palochka
Cyrillic letter palochka - uppercase and lowercase.svg
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
З́ Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й
Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ
О П Р С С́ Т Ћ
Ќ У Ў Ф Х Ц Ч
Џ Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э
Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
Ӑ А̄ А̊ А̃ Ӓ Ӓ̄ Ә
Ә́ Ә̃ Ӛ Ӕ Ғ Г̧ Г̑
Г̄ Ҕ Ӻ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
Ԫ Ԭ Ӗ Е̄ Е̃
Ё̄ Є̈ Ӂ Җ Ӝ Ԅ
Ҙ Ӟ Ԑ Ԑ̈ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ
И̃ Ҋ Ӥ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ
Ҝ Ԟ Ԛ Ӆ Ԯ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ԩ Ӈ
Ҥ Ԣ Ԋ О̆ О̃ О̄ Ӧ
Ө Ө̄ Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Р̌
Ҏ Ԗ Ҫ Ԍ Ҭ
Ԏ У̃ Ӯ Ӱ Ӱ́ Ӳ
Ү Ү́ Ұ Х̑ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ
Һ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ
Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ Ҿ
Ы̆ Ы̄ Ӹ Ҍ Э̆ Э̄ Э̇
Ӭ Ӭ́ Ӭ̄ Ю̆ Ю̈ Ю̈́ Ю̄
Я̆ Я̄ Я̈ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ
ОУ Ѡ Ѽ Ѿ
Ѣ Ѥ Ѧ
Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

The palochka or palotchka (Ӏ ӏ; italics: Ӏ ӏ) (Russian: палочка, tr. palochka; IPA: [ˈpɑɫət͡ɕkə], literally "a stick") is a letter of the Cyrillic script.[1] This letter usually has only a capital form, which is also used in lowercase text. The capital form of the palochka often looks like the capital form of the Cyrillic letter soft-dotted I (І і), the capital form of the Latin letter I (I i), and the lowercase form of the Latin letter L (L l).

The letter was introduced during the cyrillization of the North-Caucasian languages in the late 1930s. In order to keep new orthographies compatible with Russian typewriters many of the new alphabets did not contain any letters not found in the Russian alphabet (sounds absent in Russian were marked with digraphs and other letter combinations). The palochka was the only exception, and in practice while typewriting the Arabo-European digit 1 was used instead. In fact, on Russian typewriters this character did not look like digit 1, but rather as a Roman numeral I with serifs. This practice still is common, because the palochka is not present in most standard keyboard layouts (and for some of them not even the soft-dotted I) or common fonts, and so cannot be easily entered or reliably displayed on many computer systems.

In the alphabets of the Caucasian languages Abaza, Adyghe, Avar, Chechen, Dargwa, Ingush, Kabardian, Lak, Lezgian and Tabassaran, the palochka has no independent phonetic value, but signals that the preceding consonant is an ejective. (An exception is the Abkhaz language, which does not use palochka for rendering ejectives.)

Example from Avar: кӏалъазе [kʼaˈɬaze], "to speak"

In Adyghe, Chechen,[clarification needed] Ingush and Kabardian, Palochka also functions as the glottal stop /ʔ/.

Example from Kabardian: елъэӏуащ [jaɬaˈʔʷaːɕ], "he asked her for something"

In Chechen, the palochka also represents the voiced pharyngeal fricative /ʕ/.[clarification needed]

Computing codes

Character Ӏ ӏ
Unicode name CYRILLIC LETTER PALOCHKA CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PALOCHKA
Character encoding decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode code point 1216 U+04C0 1231 U+04CF
Numeric character reference Ӏ Ӏ ӏ ӏ
UTF-8 211, 128 0xD3, 0x80 211, 143 0xD3, 0x8F
The lowercase form of palochka was added to Unicode 5.0 in July 2006.

See also

References

  1. "Cyrillic: Range: 0400–04FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard, Version 6.0. 2010. pp. 42, 43. Retrieved 2011-05-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>