Romanian New Wave

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Romanian New Wave
Years active 2004 - present
Country Romania
Major figures Cristian Mungiu, Cristi Puiu, Cristian Nemescu, Cătălin Mitulescu, Radu Muntean, Corneliu Porumboiu, Călin Peter Netzer, Radu Jude

The Romanian New Wave (Romanian: Noul val românesc) is a genre of realist and often minimalist films made in Romania since the mid-aughts, starting with Trafic, which won the Short Film Palme d'Or at the 2004 Cannes Film Festival.[1]


A great number of films that are part of the Romanian New Wave are set in the late 1980s, towards the end of Nicolae Ceaușescu's government, and explore themes of liberty and resilience. However, films such as The Death of Mr. Lăzărescu, California Dreamin' and Tuesday, After Christmas are set in modern-day Romania and delve into the ways the transition to free-market capitalism and democracy shaped Romanian society after 1989.

Aesthetically, films of the Romanian New Wave are united by an austere, realist and often minimalist style. Furthermore, black humour tends to feature prominently.

Major films

Other films associated with the movement

Further reading


  1. "Festival de Cannes: Cătălin Mitulescu". Retrieved 2009-12-14.