18th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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18th Brigade
18th Infantry Brigade
Active 1914–1918
1939–1945
Country  United Kingdom
Branch  British Army
Type Infantry
Size Brigade
Part of 6th Division
1st Armoured Division
1st Infantry Division
Engagements First World War
Second World War

The 18th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II.

History

First World War

The 18th Brigade was formed from a mixture of regular and New Army battalions, and was part of the 6th Division.[1] It saw action on the Western Front.[1]

First World War order of battle

Components included:[1]

Second World War

The brigade was originally designated as Cairo Area and 18th Infantry Brigade but ceased to exist when in May 1940 it was absorbed by HQ Cairo Sub-Area. On 20 July 1943 the 18th Brigade was reformed again from the redesignation of the 7th Motor Brigade as the 18th Lorried Infantry Brigade.[2] It was part of the 1st Armoured Division and fought in the Italian Campaign with many other different formations, such as the 1st Infantry Division, who they served with in the Battle of Anzio. It was disbanded in Italy on 1 January 1945 due to an acute manpower shortage throughout the British Army at the time with all available replacements being sent to the 21st Army Group in the North West Europe Campaign.[3]

Second World War order of battle

The original 18th Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows:[4]

From 20 July 1943 the 18th Lorried Infantry Brigade was constituted as follows:[5]

Second World War commanders

Commanders included:[6]

  • Brigadier O.H. Tidbury
  • Brigadier M.D. Erskine
  • Brigadier A.D. McKechnie

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "The 6th Division in 1914-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 22 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "British Infantry Brigades 1st thru 215th 1939-1945" (PDF). Retrieved 22 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Regiments That Served With The 7th Armoured Division". Desert Rats. Retrieved 22 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Joslen, p. 261.
  5. "Subordinates". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 22 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Appointments". Orders of Battle. Retrieved 22 August 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Bibliography

  • Joslen, Lt-Col. H. F. (2003). Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield: Naval & Military. ISBN 1-84342-474-6.

External links