72nd Field Artillery Brigade (United States)

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72nd Field Artillery Brigade
72nd fa bde a.jpg
Shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1917–19
Country United States
Branch Army
Type Field artillery
Size Brigade
Garrison/HQ Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst
Battle honours World War I
World War II
Brigade Commander COL John Lange
Brigade Command Sergeant Major CSM Stephen W. Bower
Subdued shoulder sleeve insignia 100px
Distinctive unit insignia 72 FA Bde DUI.jpg

The 72nd Field Artillery Brigade is an AC/RC unit based at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey. The unit is responsible for training selected United States Army Reserve and National Guard units along the East coast. The brigade is a subordinate unit of First Army Division East, First United States Army.


World War I

under construction

World War II

Reactivated in 1940, the brigade was formed with a 155mm gun regiment and two 155mm howitzer regiments. Between June and August 1941, the brigade formed a provisional 72nd Antitank Battalion using assets from the antitank batteries and platoons of the regiments. Activated 5 August 1941, the battalion participated in the Second Army (United States) Maneuvers along with 2nd Battalion, 119th Field Artillery, as part of VII Army Corps.[1]

Cold War

From 1 June 1958 until 15 May 1992, the brigade served as part of VII Corps Artillery in Germany.[2]

Global War on Terror

The brigade was reactivated on 1 December 2006 by reflagging the 5th Brigade, 78th Division. As an AC/RC unit subordinate to 1First Army Division East, the brigade plans, coordinates, and enables post-mobilization, pre-deployment training in support of specified U.S. Army Reserve, Army National Guard, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard units. On order, 72nd Field Artillery Brigade provides pre-mobilization training assistance within its capabilities for Army Reserve and Army National Guard units.[3]

Lineage & Honors


  • Constituted 24 October 1917 in the National Army as the 349th Field Artillery and assigned to the 92d Division
  • Organized 2 November 1917 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
  • Demobilized 17 March 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
  • Reconstituted 4 September 1930 in the Organized Reserves as the 349th Field Artillery
  • Withdrawn 1 August 1940 from the Organized Reserves, allotted to the Regular Army, and activated at Fort Sill, Oklahoma
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery reorganized and redesignated 1 March 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 349th Field Artillery Group (remainder of regiment – hereafter separate lineages)
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 349th Field Artillery Group, inactivated 26 May 1946 in Germany
  • Redesignated 5 February 1947 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Field Artillery Group
  • Activated 17 December 1954 in Germany
  • Redesignated 1 June 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Artillery Group
  • Redesignated 15 March 1972 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Field Artillery Group
  • Redesignated 1 September 1980 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Field Artillery Brigade
  • Inactivated 15 May 1992 in Germany
  • Headquarters activated 1 December 2006 at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland

Campaign Participation Credit

  • World War I: Lorraine, 1918
  • World War II: Rhineland; Central Europe


See also


  1. United States Army, Pictorial review Seventy-second Field Artillery Brigade, Army of the United States, 1941 (1941). World War Regimental Histories. Book 86. <http://digicom.bpl.lib.me.us/ww_reg_his/86>.
  2. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/72fa-bde.htm
  3. http://www.first.army.mil/diveast/content.aspx?ContentID=118

External links