Alcmenes

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For others with this name, see Alcamenes (disambiguation).

Alcmenes (Greek: Ἀλκμένης) or Alcamenes, Alkamenos, was the king of Sparta, of the Agiad dynasty, from c. 740 to c. 700 BC.[1]

According to Pausanias, he was a commander in the night-expedition against Ampheia, which began the First Messenian War, but died before its 4th year. In his reign Helos was taken, a place near the mouth of the Eurotas, the last independent hold most likely of the old Achaean population, and the supposed origin of the term "helot".[2][3][4]

He succeeded his father Teleclus and was succeeded by his son Polydorus.

References

  1. Clough, Arthur Hugh (1867). "Alcamenes". In William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 96. 
  2. Pausanias, Description of Greece iii. 2. § 7, iv. 4. § 3, 5. § 3
  3. Herodotus, vii. 204
  4. Plutarch, Apophth. Lac.
Preceded by
Teleclus
Agiad King of Sparta
c. 740 – c. 700 BC
Succeeded by
Polydorus