Jules Verne Trophy
The Jules Verne Trophy is a prize for the fastest circumnavigation of the world by any type of yacht with no restrictions on the size of the crew provided the vessel has registered with the organization and paid an entry fee. A vessel holding the Jules Verne trophy will not necessarily hold the absolute round the world record. The trophy was first awarded to the first yacht which sailed around the world in less than 80 days. The name of the award is a reference to the Jules Verne novel Around the World in Eighty Days in which Phileas Fogg traverses the planet (albeit by railroad and steamboat) in 80 days. The current holder is Banque Populaire V skippered by Loick Peyron in 45 days 13 hours 42 minutes 53 seconds.
- The Jules Verne Trophy's starting point is defined by an imaginary line between the Créac'h lighthouse on Ouessant (Ushant) Island, France, and the Lizard Lighthouse, UK. The boats have to circumnavigate the world leaving the capes of Good Hope, Leeuwin, and Horn to port and cross the starting line in the opposite direction.
- The starting line is open as of the official ratification of the trophy's rules by the World Sailing Speed Record Council.
- The Jules Verne Trophy is awarded to the challenger who breaks the previous Jules Verne record of the round the world voyage under sail. The winner holds the trophy until such time as his/her record has been bettered.
- Propulsion of the boat must solely be by natural forces of the wind and of the crew.
- The trophy is open to any type of boat with no restrictions.
- Crew size is not restricted.
- The circumnavigation must be completed non-stop and with no physical outside assistance.
- Challengers must respect safety rules.
The original idea for this competition has been attributed to Yves Le Cornec in 1985. The rules were defined in 1990. A committee was put in place to guarantee respect of the rules and fairplay. This committee included Peter Blake, Florence Arthaud, Jean François Coste, Yvon Fauconnier, Gabrie Guilly, Robin Knox-Johnston, Titouan Lamazou, Yves Le Cornec, Bruno Peyron, Olivier de Kersauson, and Didier Ragot.
While the current holder of the trophy, Loïck Peyron, also holds the around the world sailing record, this has not always been the case. In 2004 Steve Fossett broke the world record with the catamaran Cheyenne but was not awarded the trophy. According to reports, the trophy organizers requested a higher entrance fee from Fossett than from the other competitors, the difference which he refused to pay. The winner of the trophy that year was Olivier de Kersauson on Geronimo, with a time which was five days slower than Fossett's world record.
|2012||Loïck Peyron||Banque Populaire V||Trimaran||45 days 13 hours 42 minutes 53 seconds|
|2010||Franck Cammas||Groupama 3||Trimaran||48 days 7 hours 44 minutes 52 seconds|
|2005||Bruno Peyron||Orange II||Catamaran||50 days 16 hours 20 minutes 4 seconds|
|2004||Olivier de Kersauson||Geronimo||Trimaran||63 days 13 hours 59 minutes 46 seconds|
|2002||Bruno Peyron||Orange||Catamaran||64 days 8 hours 37 minutes 24 seconds|
|1997||Olivier de Kersauson||Sport Elec||Trimaran||71 days 14 hours 22 minutes 8 seconds|
|1994|| Robin Knox-Johnston
|ENZA New Zealand||Catamaran||74 days 22 hours 17 minutes 22 seconds|
|1993||Bruno Peyron||Explorer||Catamaran||79 days 6 hours 15 minutes 56 seconds|
Failed record attempts
|2016||Francis Joyon||IDEC 3
formerly Groupama 3
|Trimaran||47 days 14 hours 47 minutes, record not broken|
|2016||Yann Guichard||Spindrift 2
formerly Banque Populaire V
|Trimaran||47 days 10 hours 59 minutes, record not broken|
|2011||Pascal Bidégorry||Banque Populaire V||Trimaran||Damaged centerboard, west of the Cape of Good Hope|
|2009||Franck Cammas||Groupama 3||Trimaran|
|2008||Franck Cammas||Groupama 3||Trimaran||Loss of leeward float leading to capsize, New Zealand|
|2004||Bruno Peyron||Orange II||Catamaran||Damaged starboard hull, Cap Verde islands|
|2004||Bruno Peyron||Orange II||Catamaran||Damaged starboard crashbox, Spain|
|2004||Olivier de Kersauson||Geronimo||Trimaran||Damaged gennaker, North Atlantic|
|2003||Olivier de Kersauson||Geronimo||Trimaran||Circumnavigation achieved, record not broken|
|2003||Ellen MacArthur||Kingfisher 2
|Catamaran||Broken mast, South-East Kerguelen Islands|
|2002||Olivier de Kersauson||Geronimo||Trimaran||Damaged rudder, Brasil|
(formerly Innovation Explorer)
|Catamaran||Damaged mast, Ouessant|
|1998||Tracy Edwards||Royal et SunAlliance
(formerly ENZA New Zealand)
|Catamaran||Broken mast, Southern seas|
|1996||Olivier de Kersauson||Sport-Elec||Trimaran||Excessive delay|
|1995||Olivier de Kersauson||Sport-Elec
(formerly Lyonnaise des Eaux)
|1994||Olivier de Kersauson||Lyonnaise des Eaux
|Trimaran||Circumnavigation achieved, record not broken|
|1993|| Peter Blake
|ENZA New Zealand||Catamaran||Damaged hull, Indian Ocean|
|1993||Olivier de Kersauson||Charal||Trimaran||Damaged outrigger hull, South of Cape Town|
The "Trophy Jules Verne" was the subject of a public order of the visual arts delegation with the American artist Thomas Shannon and is patroned by the French Ministry of Culture.
The work is a floating hull on a magnetic field, much as an anchorage for a ship. All dimensions have rigorous symbolic meaning. The midship beam of the hull corresponds to the diameter of the Earth, the ray of each end is proportional to that of the moon and the radius of the curvature of the frames is that of the sun. The competitors of the Trophy Jules Verne race around the Earth against time, with only the sun and the moon as companions and time keepers.
The sculpture is placed on a cast aluminium base, on which the names of the sailors having won the Trophy are engraved. The Musée national de la Marine in Paris hosts and maintains the Trophy. Each winner receives a miniature of the Trophy, magnetized like the original one.
When a record is broken, an official ceremony is held for the previous record holders to hand over the trophy to the new record holders, who are given the hull and must place it in its magnetic field mooring.
- Bunting, Elaine (2012-01-09). "The strange story of the Jules Verne Trophy". Yachting World. Retrieved 2015-12-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- WSSR Council (2010-03-26). "WSSR Newsletter No 182". Retrieved 2010-04-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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- IDEC completes circumnavigation
- Spindrift arrival
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- Team Groupama Website (2009-11-11). "Equatorial reference". Retrieved 2009-11-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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