Mother Russia (Russian: Россия-Матушка, transliterated as Rossiya-Matushka) is a national personification of Russia, appearing in patriotic posters, statues etc. The usage of the term "mother" in reference to a nation or culture symbolizes the "spirit of collectivity". In the former Soviet period, the term Rodina-Mat (Родина-Мать,"Mother-Homeland") was preferred, as it represented the multi-ethnic Soviet Union, and was especially used to commemorate the Great Patriotic War.
Many statues of the Motherland have been constructed, most to commemorate the Great Patriotic War. These include:
- The Motherland Calls (Russian: Родина-мать зовёт, Rodina Mat' Zovyot!) a colossal statue in Volgograd, Russia, commemorating the Battle of Stalingrad
- Mother Motherland, Kiev (Ukrainian: Батьківщина-Мати) or, and more commonly referred to as, Rodina-Mat (Russian: Родина-мать) is a monumental statue that is a part of the Museum of the Great Patriotic War, Kiev.
- Mother Motherland (Saint Petersburg), a statue at the Piskarevskoye Memorial Cemetery, St. Petersburg, Russia
- Mother Russia (Kaliningrad), a monument in Kaliningrad, Russia
- Mother Motherland Mourning over Her Perished Sons (Russian: Родина-мать, скорбящая о погибших сыновьях), Minsk, Belarus commemorating the dead in Afghanistan
- Mother Motherland (Naberezhnye Chelny), a monument in Naberezhnye Chelny, Russia
- Mother Motherland (Pavlovsk), a memorial complex, Pavlovsk, Russia