Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach

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Charles Frederick
File:Karl Friedrich of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.jpg
Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Reign 1828–1853
Predecessor Charles Augustus
Successor Charles Alexander
Born (1783-02-02)2 February 1783
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Schloss Belvedere, Weimar
Spouse Maria Pavlovna of Russia
Issue Prince Charles
Marie, Princess Charles of Prussia
Augusta, German Empress; Queen of Prussia
Charles Alexander
House House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Father Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Mother Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt
Religion Lutheranism

Charles Friedrich, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (German: Karl Friedrich, Großherzog Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) (2 February 1783 – 8 July 1853) was a Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.


Born in Weimar, he was the eldest son of Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach and Luise Auguste of Hesse-Darmstadt.

Charles Frederick succeeded his famous father as Grand Duke when he died, in 1828. His capital, Weimar, continued to be a cultural center of Central Europe, even after the death of Goethe, in 1832. Johann Nepomuk Hummel made his career in Weimar as Kapellmeister until his death in 1837. Franz Liszt settled in Weimar in 1848 as Kapellmeister and gathered about him a circle that kept the Weimar court a major musical centre. Due to the intervention of Liszt, the composer Richard Wagner found refuge in Weimar after he was forced to flee Saxony for his role in the revolutionary disturbances there in 1848-49. Wagner's opera Lohengrin was first performed in Weimar in August 1850.

Charles Frederick died at Schloss Belvedere, Weimar, in 1853 and was buried in the Weimarer Fürstengruft.

Family and children

In St. Petersburg on 3 August 1804, Charles Frederick married the Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia, daughter of Emperor Paul I.[1][2] They had four children:


Family of Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
16. John Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar
8. Ernest Augustus I, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
17. Princess Sophie Auguste of Anhalt-Zerbst
4. Ernest Augustus II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
18. George Frederick Charles, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
9. Margravine Sophie Charlotte of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
19. Princess Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck
2. Charles Augustus, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
20. Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
10. Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
21. Duchess Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Luneburg
5. Duchess Anna Amalia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
22. Frederick William I of Prussia
11. Princess Philippine Charlotte of Prussia
23. Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
1. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
25. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
6. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
26. Count Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg
27. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
3. Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
28. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
14. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
29. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
7. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
30. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
15. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
31. Princess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg


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Preceded by Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Succeeded by
Karl Alexander