Eduardo Saverin

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Eduardo Saverin
Eduardo Saverin CHINICT.JPG
Saverin at the CHINICT conference
on May 25, 2012
Born Eduardo Luiz Saverin
(1982-03-19) 19 March 1982 (age 36)
São Paulo, Brazil
Residence Singapore
Ethnicity Jewish
Citizenship Brazilian[1][2] American (Formerly)
Alma mater Harvard University (B.A., Economics, 2006)
Known for Co-founder of Facebook
Net worth Increase US $7.2 billion (November 22, 2015)[3]

Eduardo Luiz Saverin[4][5][6] (Portuguese pronunciation: [eduˈaɾdu luˈis ˈsaveɾĩ]) is a Brazilian internet entrepreneur, economist and angel investor.[7] Saverin is one of the co-founders of Facebook.[8] As of 2015, he owns 53 million Facebook shares[9] (approximately 0.4% of all outstanding shares) and has a net worth of $7.2 billion, according to Forbes. He has also invested in early-stage startups such as Qwiki[10] and Jumio.[11]

According to Saverin, he renounced his American citizenship in September 2011 because of his "interest in working and living in Singapore" where he has been since 2009.[12] He also saved an estimated $700 million in capital gains taxes; this generated some media attention and controversy.[7][13][14][15]

Family and early life

Eduardo Saverin was born in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, to a wealthy Jewish Brazilian family,[16][17][18][19] and his family later moved to Rio de Janeiro. Saverin's father, Roberto Saverin, was an industrialist working in clothing, shipping, and real estate.[20] His mother, Paula, was a psychologist and he has two siblings.[21] His Romanian-born grandfather, Eugenio Saverin, is the founder of Tip Top, a chain of kidswear retail shops.[21] In 1993, the family emigrated to the US, settling in Miami, Florida.[22]


Saverin attended Gulliver Preparatory School in Miami, and went on to Harvard University, where he was a member of the Phoenix S.K. Club as well as president of the Harvard Investment Association. While an undergraduate at Harvard, Saverin took advantage of Brazil's lax insider trading regulations and made $300,000 via strategic investments in the oil industry.[20][23][24] In 2006, Saverin graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University with a bachelor's degree in economics.[citation needed] He is a member of the Alpha Epsilon Pi fraternity (Eta Psi chapter of Harvard University).[citation needed]



During his junior year at Harvard, Saverin met fellow Harvard undergraduate, sophomore Mark Zuckerberg. Noting the lack of a dedicated social networking website for Harvard students, the two worked together to launch The Facebook in 2004. As co-founder, Saverin held the role of chief financial officer and business manager.[better source needed][25]

On May 15, 2012 Business Insider obtained and released an exclusive email from Zuckerberg detailing how he cut Saverin from Facebook and diluted his stake.[26]

A lawsuit filed by Facebook against Saverin and a countersuit filed by Saverin against Facebook[clarification needed] were settled out of court. Terms of the settlement were not disclosed and the company affirmed Saverin's title as co-founder of Facebook. Saverin signed a non-disclosure contract after the settlement.[27]

Renunciation of US citizenship

Saverin has lived in Singapore since 2009.[28][29] According to Saverin, in September 2011 he renounced his U.S. citizenship because of his "interest in working and living in Singapore";[12] he also reduced the capital gains taxes he would have paid after the Facebook IPO.[7][13][14] The Wall Street Journal estimated the tax savings at over $700 million.[15]

After losing his US citizenship, Saverin had to pay an expatriation tax equivalent to the 15% capital gains tax at the marked-to-market value of his stock holdings at the time of ~$50/share × 53 million shares.[9]

In response, Senator Chuck Schumer introduced the Ex-PATRIOT Act, which would have imposed additional taxes on former US citizens, but the bill died in committee.[30][31][32] Since 1996, the Reed Amendment makes former citizens inadmissible to the United States if the Attorney General determines that they gave up citizenship to avoid taxation; however, it is difficult to enforce in practice.[33] Reed Amendment author Jack Reed wrote to Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano to urge that Saverin be barred from entering the United States, but as of 2015, he has not applied for a visa to reenter the U.S.[citation needed]


In 2010, Saverin and Mexican entrepreneur Aldo Alvarez co-founded Aporta, an online portal for charity.[34][35][36][37]

Depictions in media

The 2010 film The Social Network depicts the relationship between Saverin and Zuckerberg from their creation of Facebook to Saverin's legal action against Zuckerberg. Actor Andrew Garfield's portrayal of Saverin was met with critical acclaim, receiving nominations such as the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture and BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Supporting Role.[38]

Personal life

Saverin met Elaine Andriejanssen, an Indonesian-Chinese woman who was educated at Raffles Girls' School and comes from a family which runs several businesses[39] in Massachusetts. On March 27, 2014, they became engaged and were married on June 25, 2015, in the French Riviera.[40][41]

He denied the reports he was going to marry Rachel Kum and claimed that he's never even dated her.[42]


  1. Kucera, Danielle; Harper, Christine; Drucker, Jesse (2012-05-12). "Facebook Co-Founder May Gain Choosing Singapore Over U.S." Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2012-05-14. Saverin still does hold Brazilian citizenship, Goodman said.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Saverin 'has no plans to become S'pore citizen'" (PDF). Today. 2012-05-17. Retrieved 2012-05-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Eduardo Saverin Net Worth"
  4. Internal Revenue Service (30 April 2012). "Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen to Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G". Federal Register.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Feeney, Kevin J. (2005-02-25). "Business, Casual". The Harvard Crimson. Retrieved 2012-05-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "America's Youngest Billionaires". Forbes. October 6, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Kucera, Danielle; Vallikappen, Sanat; Harper, Christine (2012-05-11). "Facebook Co-Founder Saverin Gives Up U.S. Citizenship Before IPO". Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved 2012-05-11.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Mezrich, Ben. The Accidental Billionaires: The Founding of Facebook: A Tale of Sex, Money, Genius and Betrayal, 2009.[page needed]
  9. 9.0 9.1
  10. Bosker, Bianca, "Facebook Co-Founder Eduardo Saverin Invests In Qwiki"
  11. Wauters, Robin, "Exclusive: Facebook Co-Founder Eduardo Saverin Leads $6.5M Round For Jumio", TechCrunch, Thursday, March 17, 2011
  12. 12.0 12.1 David Benoit (17 May 2012). "Facebook Co-Founder Saverin Fires Back At 'Misinformation'".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 McCormick, Jason (11 July 2012). "5 citizens who left the United States to avoid paying tax". CBS News. Retrieved 17 June 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 Worstall, Tim (May 12, 2012). "IPO Will Increase, Not Reduce, His Tax Bill". Forbes. Retrieved May 12, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. 15.0 15.1 "So How Much Did He Really Save?". Wall Street Journal. 2012-05-18. based on financial filings, experts say, it was likely tens of millions in income tax and far more in estate tax—at least $700 million at current values and tax rates.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. The Social Network: How Jewish is Facebook?, The Jewish Chronicle, Jennifer Lipman, October 14, 2010
  17. The Accidental Billionaires, Ben Mezrich, Random House Inc, 2010
  18. Zuckerberg: jovem, bilionário e... trapaceiro? Lucas Amorim, Info Exame, 20/08/2009
  19. Zuckerberg teria passado para trás amigo brasileiro Gustavo Chacra, Estadao,, Atualizado: 2/10/2010
  20. 20.0 20.1 Tagiaroli, Guilherme; Ikeda, Ana (October 22, 2010). "Conheça Eduardo Saverin, o brasileiro que ajudou a fundar o Facebook". UOL (in Portuguese). Retrieved May 12, 2012. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. 21.0 21.1
  22. Eduardo Saverin, o brasileiro do facebook conta sua historia
  23. The Truth Behind Facebook's Founding is Finally Revealed
  24. "A Facebook Tale: Founder Unfriends Pals on Way Up", NPR
  25. Mezrich, The Accidental Billionaires.[page needed]
  26. Carlson, Nicholas (15 May 2012). "EXCLUSIVE: Here's The Email Zuckerberg Sent To Cut His Cofounder Out Of Facebook". Business Insider. Business Insider Inc. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 30 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  28. Miguel Helft (January 20, 2011). "Facebook Co-Founder Backs Start-Up". New York Times. Retrieved August 10, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Lacy, Sarah, "Where in the World Is Eduardo Saverin? In Singapore Funding Facebook Games", TechCrunch, Thursday, October 28, 2010
  30. Miller, Sunlen (2012-05-17). "Senators to Unveil the 'Ex-Patriot Act' to Respond to Facebook's Saverin's Tax 'Scheme'". ABC News. Retrieved 2012-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. With the Facebook IPO, missing Eduardo Saverin, Washington Post, May 18, 2012
  32. "Bill Summary & Status, 112th Congress (2011 - 2012): S.3205". THOMAS. 2012-05-18. Retrieved 2012-05-21.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  33. Bruce, Charles M.; Saret, Lewis; Lagonico, Stéphane; Trow, Steve (2006-03-13). "The Exit Tax — A Perfectly Bad Idea" (PDF). Tax Notes International. 41 (10). Retrieved 2012-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  38. Singh, Anita (2011-01-18). "Andrew Garfield: Famous? I just don't have the time ..." The Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-05-12.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  39. Chia, Stacey (20 June 2015). "Eduardo Saverin's fiancee studied at Raffles Girls' School, Indonesian family runs several businesses". AsiaOne. Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  40. Iyengar, Rishi (26 July 2015). "Facebook Co-Founder Eduardo Saverin Confirms News of Wedding in Facebook Post". TIME. Time Inc. Archived from the original on 30 July 2015. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  41. Karmali, Naazneen (25 June 2015). "Secret Wedding Celebration Of Facebook Co-Founder Eduardo Saverin Kicks Off". Forbes. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  42. Spargo, Chris (17 June 2015). "Facebook billionaire DENIES reports he's marrying former Miss Singapore in South of France blowout ceremony - and claims he's never even dated her". Associated Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 30 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Further reading

External links