James L. Pugh

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The Honorable
James L. Pugh
James Lawrence Pugh.jpg
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
November 24, 1880 – March 3, 1897
Preceded by Luke Pryor
Succeeded by Edmund Pettus
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1859 – January 21, 1861
Preceded by Eli Sims Shorter
Succeeded by Charles Waldron Buckley
Personal details
Born (1820-12-12)December 12, 1820
Burke County, Georgia
Died March 9, 1907(1907-03-09) (aged 86)
Washington, D.C.
Political party Democratic

James Lawrence Pugh (December 12, 1820 – March 9, 1907) was a U.S. senator from Alabama, as well as a member of the Confederate Congress during the American Civil War.


Pugh was born in Burke County, Georgia, and moved to Alabama in 1824. He received a collegiate education, studied law, and was admitted to the bar in 1841. He began to practise in Eufaula, Alabama. He was a presidential elector in 1848 and 1856. He represented Alabama's second district as a Democrat in the United States House of Representatives from 5 December 1859 until 21 January 1861, when he retired upon the secession of his state.

He then served as an officer in the Confederate States Army. He was subsequently elected as a representative to both the First Confederate Congress and the Second Confederate Congress, serving from 22 February 1862 until the surrender in 1865.

Following the war, he returned to his law practise. Upon the restoration of his citizenship, Pugh was president of the Democratic state convention of 1874, a delegate to the 1875 state constitutional convention, and a presidential elector again in 1876. He was elected to fill the term left by the death of George S. Houston, and was reelected twice, serving in the Senate from November 24, 1880 to March 4, 1897. He did not run for a fourth term.



United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Eli Sims Shorter
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

1859 – 1861
Succeeded by
Charles Waldron Buckley
United States Senate
Preceded by
Luke Pryor
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
1880 – 1897
Served alongside: John Tyler Morgan
Succeeded by
Edmund Pettus