North American Racing Team

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United States North American Racing Team
File:North American Racing Team.png
Founded 1958
Team principal(s) Luigi Chinetti
Founder(s) Luigi Chinetti
Former series Formula One
Noted drivers Mexico Pedro Rodríguez
Mexico Ricardo Rodríguez
United States Phil Hill
Austria Jochen Rindt
United States Masten Gregory
United States Mario Andretti
France Jean Guichet
Folded 1982

The North American Racing Team (NART) was created by businessman Luigi Chinetti to promote the Ferrari marque in United States through success in endurance motorsport.

It was created in 1958 when Chinetti received backing from wealthy racers George Arents and Jan de Vroom. Ferrari already had a close relationship with Chinetti due to his success in selling the maker's road cars in the important American markets, and thus NART received a continuous line of Ferrari racers.

In racing

NART raced at only the world's premier races, such as the 24 Hours of Daytona in Florida and the 24 Hours of Le Mans in Le Mans, France. Their first race was the 12 Hours of Sebring in March 1958, with a 250 GT.

1962 Le Mans-winning Ferrari 330 TRI-LM, bought by Pedro Rodríguez through NART. Rodríguez raced several times in it.

Pedro Rodríguez won the second and the third editions of Daytona with NART team. In 1963 was a three hours race and in 1964 a 2,000 kilometers, both in a Ferrari 250 GTO (the 24 hours race would start until 1966).

A Ferrari 158 officially entered by NART sealed the win of the 1964 F1 World championship with John Surtees, as the factory team competed the last two races in cars painted white and blue. This was done as a protest concerning arguments between Ferrari and the Italian Racing Authorities regarding the homologation of a new mid-engined Ferrari race car.[clarification needed]

The peak of NART's own racing success came in 1965, when a NART-entered 250 LM became the last Ferrari to win Le Mans outright with Jochen Rindt and Masten Gregory.

Other NART results include a 3rd place in the 1967 24 Hours of Daytona with Pedro Rodríguez and Jean Guichet, backing up two works 330P4 in Ferrari's triple success, which was commemorated by the naming of the 365 GTB4 "Daytona". With this model, NART scored 2nd in the 1973 Daytona 24h, behind a Porsche 911.

NART raced Ferraris until 1982, at which point it had participated in more than 200 races with over 100 different drivers, including Mario Andretti and Phil Hill.

Road cars

275 GTB/4 NART Spyder

NART also had a Ferrari model with its name attached to it – the 1967 275 GTB/4 NART Spyder was a convertible version of the 275 GTB/4 requested especially by Luigi Chinetti. The original order of 25 cars was never fulfilled, as only 10 were delivered from the Maranello factory. Because of the popularity of the drop-top NART Spyder design, many 275 GTB/4 were converted to drop-top models to imitate the NART Spyder's design.


Victories in the World Sportscar Championship

Year Race Car Driver 1 Driver 2
1962[1] 400 km of Bridgehampton Ferrari 330TRI Mexico Pedro Rodríguez
1000 km of Paris Ferrari 250 GTO Mexico Pedro Rodríguez Mexico Ricardo Rodríguez
1963[2] 3 hour of Daytona Ferrari 250 GTO Mexico Pedro Rodríguez
1964[3] 2000 km of Daytona Ferrari 250 GTO Mexico Pedro Rodríguez United States Phil Hill
1965[4] 24 Hours of Le Mans Ferrari 250LM Austria Jochen Rindt United States Masten Gregory
12 Hours of Reims Ferrari 365P2 Mexico Pedro Rodríguez France Jean Guichet