René Bazin

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René Bazin
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René Bazin
Born René François Nicolas Marie Bazin
(1853-12-26)26 December 1853
Angers, France
Died 20 July 1932(1932-07-20) (aged 78)
Paris, France
Pen name Bernard Seigny
Nationality French
Alma mater Catholic University of the West
Notable works
  • Une Tache d'Encre (1888)
  • Sicile (1892)
  • La Terre qui Meurt (1899)
  • Les Nouveaux Oberlé (1919)
Notable awards Prix Vitet
Spouse Aline Bricard

Signature File:Signature of René Bazin.png

René François Nicolas Marie Bazin (26 December 1853 – 20 July 1932)[1] was a French novelist.[2]

Biography

Born on a farm near Angers, in the province of Anjou, Bazin initially took up seminary studies leading to priesthood. He then studied law in Paris, and on his return to Angers became Professor of Law in the Catholic university.[3] In 1876, Bazin married Aline Bricard. The couple had two sons and six daughters. He contributed to Parisian journals a series of sketches of provincial life and descriptions of travel, and wrote Stephanette (1884), but he made his reputation with Une Tache d'Encre ("A Blot of Ink") (1888), which received a prize from the Academy.[4] He was admitted to the Académie française on 28 April 1904,[3] to replace Ernest Legouvé.

René Bazin was a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Gregory the Great, and was President of the Corporation des Publicistes Chretiens.[5]

Publications

File:Illustration from Pierre & Joseph.jpg
Thelma Cudlipp Grosvenor illustration of Pierre & Joseph
  • Stéphanette (1884)
    • Stephanette (1936)
  • Ma tante Giron (1885)
  • Une tache d’encre (1888)
  • Les Noellet (1890)
    • This, My Son (1908; translated by Angelo S. Rappoport)
  • Le guide de l'Empereur (1890)
  • À l’aventure (croquis italiens) (1891)
  • Contes en vers (1891)
  • La Sarcelle bleue (1892)
  • La Légende de sainte Béga (1892)
  • Madame Corentine (1893)
    • Those of His Own household (1914; translated by L.M. Leggatt)
  • Sicile: croquis italiens (1893)
  • Les Italiens d'Aujourd'hui (1894)
    • The Italians of Today (1896; translated by Josiah Crooklands — 1897; trans. by William Marchant)
  • Humble Amour (1894)
  • Terre d'Espagne (1895)
  • En province (1896)
  • Contes de bonne Perrette (1897)
  • De toute son âme (1897)
    • Redemption (1908; translated by Angelo S. Rappoport)[6]
  • Histoire de vingt-quatre sonnettes (1898)
  • La Terre qui meurt (1898) — a picture of the decay of peasant farming set in La Vendée; it was an indirect plea for the development of provincial France
    • Autumn Glory (1901; translated by Ellen Waugh)[7]
  • Les Personnages de roman (1899)
  • Croquis de France et de l'Orient (1899)
  • Le Guide de l'Empereur: histoire de pauvres gens (1901)
  • Les Oberlé (1901)[8] — a study of life in Alsace-Lorraine under German occupation[9]
    • The Children of Alsace (1912; translated by Angelo S. Rappoport)
  • L'Enseigne de vaisseau Paul Henry, défenseur de la mission de Pékin (1902)
  • Donatienne (1903)
    • The Penitent (1912; translated by M. Harriet M. Capes)
  • Récits de la plaine et de la montagne (1904)
  • Le Duc de Nemours (1905)
  • L'Isolée (1905)
    • The Nun (1908; translated anonymously)
  • Questions littéraires et sociales (1906)
  • Le Blé qui lève (1907)
    • The Coming Harvest (1908; translated by Edna K. Hoyt)
  • Mémoires d'une vieille fille (1908)
  • Le Mariage de Mademoiselle Gimel, dactylographe (1909)
    • The Marriage of Mademoiselle Gimel, and Other Stories (1913; translated by Edna K. Hoyt)
  • La Barrière (1910)
    • The Barrier (1910; translated by Mary D. Frost)
  • La Douce France (1911)
    • Gentle France (1913; translated by Mary Dougherty)
  • Davidée Birot (1912)
    • Davidée Birot (1912; translated by Mary D. Frost)
  • Nord-Sud, Amérique, Angleterre, Corse, Spitzberg, notes de voyage (1913)
  • Gingolph l'abandonné (1914)
  • Pages religieuses, temps de paix, temps de guerre (1915)
  • Aujourd'hui et demain, pensées du temps de la guerre (1916)
  • La Campagne française et la guerre (1917)
  • Notes d'un amateur de couleur (1917)
  • La Closerie de Champdolent (1917)
  • Les Nouveaux Oberlé (1919)
    • Pierre & Joseph (1920; translated by Frank Hunter Potter)
  • Charles de Foucauld, explorateur du Maroc, ermite au Sahara (1921)
    • Charles de Foucauld: Hermit and Explorer (1923; translated by Peter Keelan)
  • Il était quatre petits enfants: histoire d'une famille française (1922)
    • Juniper Farm (1928; translated by Margery Williams Bianco)
  • Contes et Paysages (en province) (1923)
  • Le Conte du triolet (1924)
  • Baltus le Lorrain (1926)
  • Paysages et pays d'Anjou (1926)[10]
  • Fils de l'Église (1927)
    • Sons of the Church (1928; translated anonymously)
  • Les Trois Peines d'un rossignol (1927)
  • Pie X (1928)
    • Pius X (1928; Translated by the Benedictines of Talacre)
  • Le Roi des archers (1929)
    • The King of the Archers (1934; translated by Mary Russell)
  • Magnificat (1931)
    • Magnificat (1932)
  • Champdolent (1931)
  • Un monastere de Saint-Pierre Fourier "les Oiseaux" (1932)
    • Take This Child (1948; translated by Mary Aline Gelson)
  • Etapes de ma vie (1936)
  • La Faneuse endormie et autres nouvelles (1949)

Works in English translation

  • A Blot of Ink. London: Cassell & Company (1892)
    • The Ink-stain. Paris: Maison Mazarin (1905)
  • The Italians of Today. London: Digby, Long & Co. (1896)
  • "The Return: A Christmas Story," The Living Age, Vol. CCXIX (1898)
  • "The Grey Pippin," The Living Age, Vol. CCXXIX (1901)
  • "The Mountain-pine," The Living Age, Vol. CCXXVIII (1901)
  • "The Two Mayors," The Living Age, Vol. CCXXX (1901)
  • Autumn Glory, or, Toilers in the Field. London: Jarrold & Sons (1901)
  • The Coming Harvest. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons (1908)
    • By Faith Alone. London: Eveleigh Nash (1908)
    • The Rising Corn. London: Hodder and Stoughton (1909)
  • "The Birds in the Letter-Box," International Short Stories, Vol. III (1910)
  • The Children of Alsace. New York: John Lane Company (1912)
  • Davidée Birot. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons (1912)
    • The Redeemer. London: Stanley Paul & Co.
  • The Penitent. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company (1912)
  • Gentle France. Dublin: M.H. Gill & Son (1913)
  • Those of His Own Household. New York: Devin-Adair Company (1914)
  • Charles de Foucauld: Hermit and Explorer. New York: Benziger Brothers (1923)
  • Sons of the Church. New York: Benziger Brothers (1928)
  • Juniper Farm. New York: The Macmillan Company (1928)
  • Pius X. London and Edinburgh: Sands & Co. (1928)
  • Magnificat. London: Burns, Oates & Washbourne (1932)
  • The King of the Archers. New York: The Macmillan Company (1934)
  • Stephanette. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston (1936)
  • Take This Child. Boston: Bruce Humphries (1948)

Notes

  1. Ryan, Mary (1932). "René Bazin 1853-1932," Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review, Vol. 21, No. 84, p. 627.
  2. O'Brien, Joseph L. (1912). "René Bazin," The Catholic World, Vol. 95, pp. 815–821
  3. 3.0 3.1 Chisholm 1911.
  4. Lavisse, Ernest (1905). Preface to The Ink-stain. Paris: Maison Mazarin, p. v.
  5. Hoehn, Matthew (1948). "René Bazin, 1853–1934." In: Catholic Authors: Contemporary Biographical Sketches. Newark, N.J.: St. Mary's Abbey, p. 34.
  6. The first English translation of De toute son âme was originally issued serially, under the title "With All Her Heart", in The Living Age, from November 1897 to March 1898.
  7. The first English translation of La Terre qui meurt was originally published in serial form, under the title "The Perishing Land", in The Living Age, from November 1899 to February 1900.
  8. "How Réne Bazin Came to Write 'The Oberlé'," The Living Age, Vol. CCXCVIII, 1918, pp. 662–664.
  9. "The Novels of M. René Bazin," The Living Age, Vol. CCLXI, 1909, p. 422.
  10. O'Brien, William (1931). "Rene Bazin in Anjou," The Irish Monthly, Vol. LIX, No. 692, pp. 81–85.

References

  • Coll, Jessie Pauline (1936). The Novels of René Bazin. Thesis (M.A.). University of Oklahoma.
  • Gelson, Mary Aline (1942). An Analysis of the Realistic Elements in the Novels of René Bazin. Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
  • Waite, Alice Webber (1928). René Bazin: An Idealistic Realist. University of Nebraska (Lincoln Campus).
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Bazin, René". Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York. 
  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bazin, René". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Further reading

External links